The Influences of Self-Improvement Motivation and Obsessive Self-Improvement on Psychological State of Undergraduate Student

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ChangGoo Heo


The purpose of this study was to understand the phenomenon of ‘SPEC pursuit’ in psychological aspect. In study 1, ‘SPEC pursuit’ was redefined as 'self-development', and self-development motivation (promoting, preventive) scale and obsessive self-development scale were developed to measure it. These three self-development scales (promoting, prophylactic, and obsessive) showed logically valid correlations with the regulatory focus scale (promoting, preventing), goal orientation scale (learning, performancel), worry and obsessive-compulsive scale. Study 2 was conducted to confirm the effect of three self-development on psychological variables related to career and employment (job anxiety, career maturity, career decision-making, career preparation behavior, internal prejudice, life satisfaction). As a result, the positive effect of the promotional self-development and the negative effect of the obsessive self-development were supported. On the other hand, the negative effect of preventive self-development, which was assumed to have a negative effect, was not observed. It is expected that the tools and results developed in this study will be used for desirable self-development guidance and counseling for students.


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Heo, C. (2020). The Influences of Self-Improvement Motivation and Obsessive Self-Improvement on Psychological State of Undergraduate Student. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 33(1), 93–117.
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