Temporal dynamics of emotions within a workday The moderating effect of neuroticism

Main Article Content

JaeYoon Chang
A. L Cook
S. C Payne

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine how positive and negative emotions fluctuate over time within one workday and to investigate the moderating effects of neuroticism and job satisfaction. Data were obtained from 201 Seoul citizens in Korea using the Day Reconstruction Method (Kahneman, Krueger, Schkade, Schwarz, & Stone, 2004). Data revealed that negative emotions increased over time; positive emotions did not show such a pattern. Job satisfaction correlated positively with average positive emotions and negatively with average negative emotions. Neuroticism correlated significantly and in opposite directions with average positive and negative emotions, but did not correlate significantly with the variability of emotions within a work day. Additionally, neuroticism had a significant moderating effect on the changing pattern of negative (but not positive) emotions over time, such that the negative emotions of workers with high levels of neuroticism increased more sharply than the negative emotions of workers with low levels of neuroticism. Contrary to expectation, job satisfaction did not moderate the pattern of positive or negative emotions at work. Changing patterns of negative emotions may be predictive of occupational accidents and diurnal patterns of positive emotions may be predictive of optimal concentration and efficiency at work. These patterns may also have implications for when we administer surveys in the workplace, when a boss should share bad news with his/her employees.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
ChangJ., CookA. L., & PayneS. C. (2013). Temporal dynamics of emotions within a workday: The moderating effect of neuroticism. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 26(2), 219-243. Retrieved from https://journal.ksiop.or.kr/index.php/KJIOP/article/view/229
Section
Empirical Articles

Funding data

References

경찰청 (2014). 2013년 교통사망원인 통계.

도로교통공단 (2014). 교통안전교육 현황분석

어지영, 김도경, 김영록 (2012). 노인교통안전교육의 효과평가, 한국도로학회, 14, 1, 63-72.

오주석, 이순철 (2011). 운전행동 결정요인의 구성과 위험운전행동과의 관계. 한국심리학회지: 사회문제, 17(2), 175-197.

오주석, 황봉기, 이순철, 이종학, 김종민, 노관섭 (2011). 주관적 운전부하 수준과 PG기법 적용효과의 관계, 대한교통학회지, 29, 2, 37-45.

이순열 (2015, 심사중). 위험감수성(Risk Sensitivity: RS) 측정문항 개발과 그 적용의 타당성: 불안지각과 위험지각을 중심으로, 교통연구, 25, 1.

이순열, 이순철 (2010). 교통사고 위험지수에 대한 확인적 요인분석과 타당화 연구, 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 23(1), 75-87.

이순철 (2000). 교통심리학. 서울: 학지사.

이순철, 오주석, 박선진, 이순열, 최병희 (2012). 운전면허결격 감경 교육 프로그램 개발 연구. 도로교통공단.

이영애 (2005). 위험지각 연구의 최근 동향, 한국심리학회지: 실험, 17(3), 265-277.

이종학, 오주석 (2014). 운전자 교통안전교육 효과 연구, 한국도로학회, 16, 1, 40-46.

Earle, T. C. (2010). Trust in risk management, Risk Analysis, 30, 541-574.

Klebelsberg, D. (1982). Verkehrs-Psychologie, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 윤홍섭 (역) (1989), 교통심리학, 성원사.

Lerner, J. S., & Ketlner, D. (2000). Beyond valence: Toward a model of emotion-specific influences on judgement and choice. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 473-493.

Reason, J., Manstead, A., Stradling, S., Baxter, J., & Campbell, K. (1990). Error and violation on the roads: A real distinction? Ergonomics, 33, 1315-1332.

Rumar, K. (1985). The role of perceptual and cognitive filters in observed behavior. In Evans, L., Schwing, R. C., editors, Human Behaivor and Traffic Safety, New York, NY: Plenu Press, pp. 151-165.

Sabey, B. E., & Taylor, H. (1980). The known risks we run: The highway. TRRL Report SR 567 (Crowthorne: Transport and Road Research Laboratory).

Slovic, P. (2000). The perception of risk. London: Earthscan Publications.

Slovic, Pl, Finucane, M. L., Peters, E., & MacGregor, D. G. (2004). Risk as analysis and risk as feelings: Some thoughts about affect, reason, risk, and rationality. Risk Analysis, 24, 311-322.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>