The influence of work values on the employees’ organizational commitment The mediating effect of work engagement and job satisfaction and the moderating effect of person-organization fit

Main Article Content

YeSeul Jung
JiYoung Park
YoungWoo Sohn
YooJin Ha

Abstract

The first purpose of the study was to examine the mediating effect of work engagement and job satisfaction on the relationship between work values and organizational commitment. And the second purpose was to examine the moderating effect of person-organization fit on the relationship of work values and work engagement, organizational commitment. The survey data were gathered from 253 employees in Korea. As results, intrinsic work values had more positive effects on organizational commitment than extrinsic work values. Work engagement and job satisfaction sequentially mediated in the relationship between intrinsic/extrinsic work values and organizational commitment. Also, person- organization fit did not moderate the association between intrinsic/extrinsic work values and work engagement, but person-organization fit had moderating effect on the link between intrinsic/extrinsic work values and organizational commitment. This results indicated that the relation of intrinsic work values to organizational commitment was stronger when person-organization fit was high than low. The relation of extrinsic work values to organizational commitment was positive when person-organization fit was high, but the relation was negative when person-organization fit was low. Implications and directions for the future research were discussed.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
 

Article Details

Section
Empirical Articles

Funding data

References

강원덕, 안귀여루 (2010). 성취동기, 내재적 직업가치, 진로장벽이 고등학생의 진로성숙 및 진로준비행동에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 건강, 15, 161-175.
김계수 (2008). New Amos 16.0 구조방정식 모형 분석. 서울: 한나래출판사.
김현성, 박세영 (2011). 사회적 네트워크와 조직몰입 및 직무만족의 관계: 직무열의의 매개효과를 중심으로. 사회과학연구, 35, 203-231.
박근수, 유태용 (2007). 한국형 일몰입 척도 개발 및 타당화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 20, 81-112.
박혜정, 유태용 (2006). 상사의 정서지능이 부하의 태도 및 수행에 미치는 영향: 변혁적 리더십의 매개효과를 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 19, 125-147.
서재현, 김영용 (2003). 팀몰입을 통한 조직몰입의 발전. 인사․조직연구, 11, 1-33.
성지영, 박원우, 윤석화 (2008). 개인-환경(조직, 상사, 동료) 적합성이 조직시민행동 및 개인성과에 미치는 영향과 공정성의 매개효과 검증. 인사․조직연구, 16, 1-62.
세계파이낸스 (2012, 05, 14). 대한민국 직장인 73.8% “월급 받기 위해 일한다”.
송관재 (1987). 조직몰입에 영향을 주는 요인과 조직몰입의 효과에 관한 연구. 연세대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
송진섭, 유태용 (2005). 개인과 조직간 가치부합이 개인의 태도 및 행동에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 18, 361- 384.
이랑, 김완석, 신강현 (2006). 직무탈진과 직무열의의 요구-자원 모델에서 정서노동전략의 역할: 콜센터 상담원을 대상으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 19, 573-596.
이용규, 정석환 (2005). 공무원의 근로가치관이 직무만족과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향에 대한 실증적 분석. 행정논총, 43, 71-98.
이재창, 송관재, 이훈구 (1997). 직무스트레스와 조직몰입과의 관계에 대한 연구. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 10, 21-38.
이준섭, 이철규, 유왕진 (2012). 화력발전소 근무자의 직무요구가 직무열의와 직무소진에 미치는 영향 -자기효능감과 집단효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로. 인적자원관리연구, 19, 27-45.
이현아 (2011). 완벽주의가 학업열의와 학업소진에 미치는 영향: 동기와 목표과정의 매개효과 및 대처유연성의 조절효과 검증. 한양대학교 대학원 박사학위논문.
이현정 (1995). 직무만족의 결정요인과 조직몰입에 관한 연구. 이화여자대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
임창희 (2011). 조직행동. 서울: 비앤엠북스.
장진혁, 유태용 (2013). 조직 내 정치적 행동 지각과 이직의도 간의 관계: 스트레스, 조직몰입의 매개효과와 정직성의 조절효과. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 26, 413- 436.
정민주, 박인혜 (2012). 항공사 객실승무원의 심리적 자본이 직무열의에 미치는 영향 -내재적 직무동기의 매개효과를 중심으로-. 한국항공경영학회지, 10, 201-220.
정은주 (2005). 인문계 고등학생의 일의 가치관과 진로의식에 관한 연구. 목표대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
정진철, 김성만 (2008). 개인-조직 가치관의 적합성이 3요인 조직몰입과 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향. 대한경영학연구, 21, 2451- 2473.
차재빈, 류가연, 이훈연 (2013). 제약영업사원의 개인-직무 적합/개인-조직 적합과 직무만족, 조직몰입, 이직의도와의 관계. 대한경영학연구, 26, 567-588.
최명옥, 유태용 (2005). 개인-조직, 개인-직무, 개인-상사 부합이 조직몰입, 직무만족, 이직의도에 미치는 영향: 부합들간의 상호작용 효과를 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 18, 139-162.
최학수 (2006). 우리나라 카지노 종사원의 근로가치관이 직무만족과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향. 관광연구, 21, 147-166.
하유진 (2012). 소명의식이 업무 변인에 미치는 영향: 경력 몰입의 매개효과와 개인-상사 적합 및 조직지원인식의 조절효과. 연세대학교 대학원 박사학위논문.
한봉주 (2010). 조직문화, 리더십, 직무만족, 조직몰입, 조직시민행동 간의 관계에 관한 연구: 공공조직과 민간조직의 비교를 중심으로. 서울과학기술대학교 박사학위논문.
Alarcon, G. M., & Edwards, J. M. (2011). The relationship of engagement, job satisfaction and turnover intentions. Stress and Health, 27, 294-298.
Alarcon, G. M., & Lyons, J. B. (2011). The relationship of engagement and job satisfaction in working samples. The Journal of Psychology, 145, 463-480.
Aldag, R. J., & Brief, A. P. (1975). Some correlates of work values. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60, 757-760.
Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-18.
Amabile, T. M., Hill, K. G., Hennessey, B. A., & Tighe, E. M. (1994). The work preference inventory: Assessing intrinsic and extrinsic motivational orientations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 950-967.
Andolsek, D. M., & Stebe, J. (2004). Multinational perspectives on work values and commitment. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 4, 181-209.
Angle, H. L., & Perry, J. L. (1981). An empirical assessment of organizational commitment and organizational effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 26, 1-14.
Bakker, A. B. (2011). An evidence-based model of work engagement. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 265-269.
Bakker, A. B., Hakanen, J. J., Demerouti, E., & Xanthopoulou, D. (2007). Job resources boost work engagement, particularly when job demands are high. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99, 274.
Blood, M. R. (1969). Work values and job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 53, 456-459.
Butler, G., & Vodanovich, S. J. (1992). The relationship between work values and normative and instrumental commitment. Journal of Psychology, 126, 139-146.
Cable, D. M., & DeRue, D. S. (2002). The convergent and discriminant validity of subjective fit perceptions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 875-883.
Cable, D. M., & Judge, T. A. (1996). Person-organization fit, job choice decisions, and organizational entry. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Process, 67, 294-311.
Chatman, J. A. (1989). Improving interactional organizational research: A model of person-organization fit. Academy of Management Review, 14, 333-349.
Cheung, C. K., & Scherling, S. A. (1999). Job satisfaction, work values, sex differences in Taiwan's organization. The Journal of Psychology, 133, 563-575.
Christian, M. S., Garza, A. S., & Slaughter, J. E. (2011). Work engagement: A quantitative review and test of its relations with task and contextual performance. Personnel Psychology, 64, 89-136.
Dawis, R. V. (1991). Vocational interests, values and preference. In M. D. Dunnette and L. M. Hough (Eds.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology(pp.883-871), California: Consulting Psychology Press.
Deci, E. L., Koestner, R., & Ryan, R. M. (1999). A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 627-668.
Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., De Jonge, J., Janssen, P. P. M. & Schaufeli, W. B. (2001). Burnout and engagement at work as a function of demands and control. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health, 27, 279-286.
Dose, J. J. (1997). Work values: An integrative framework and illustrative application to organizational socialization. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, 219-240.
Elizur, D. (1996). Work values and commitment. International Journal of Manpower, 17, 25-30.
Froese, F. J., & Xiao, S. (2012). Work values, job satisfaction and organizational commitment in China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23, 2144-2162.
Gable, S. L., Reis, H. T., & Elliot, A. J. (2000). Behavioral activation and inhibition in everyday life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1135.
Glisson, C., & Durick, M. (1988). Predictors of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in human service organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 33, 61-81.
Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1975). Development of the job diagnostic survey. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60, 159-170.
Hakanen, J. J., Bakker, A. B., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and work engagement among teachers. Journal of School Psychology, 43, 495-513.
Harrison, H., & Hubbard, R. (1998). Antecedents to organizational commitment among Mexican employees of a US firm in Mexico. Journal of Social Psychology, 138, 609-623.
Hayes, A. F., & Matthes, J. (2009). Computational procedures for probing interactions in OLS and logistic regression: SPSS and SAS implementation. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 924-936.
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B., & Snyderman, B. B. (1959). The motivation to work. New York: Wiley.
Hrebiniak, L. G., & Alutto, J. A. (1972). Personal and role-related factors in the development of organizational commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 17, 555-573.
Hultman, K., & Gellerman, B. (2002). Balancing individual and organizational values: Walking the tightrope to success. San Francisco, CA: Jossey- Bass.
Judge, T. A., & Bretz, R. D. (1992). Effects of work values on job choice decisions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 261-271.
Kalleberg, A. L. (1977). Work values and job rewards: A theory of job satisfaction. American Sociological Review, 42, 124-143.
Kanfer, R. (1990). Motivation theory and industrial and organizational psychology. In M. D. Dunnett & L. M. Hough (Eds.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (Vol. 1, pp.75-170). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Kanner, A. D., Coyne, J. C., Schaefer, C., & Lazarus, R. S. (1981). Comparison of two modes of stress measurement: Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4, 1-39.
Kazanas, H. C., Hannah, L. D., & Gregor, T. G. (1975). An instruments to measure the meaning and the value associated with work. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 12, 68-73.
Kidron, A. (1978). Work values and organizational commitment. Academy of Management Journal, 21, 239-247.
Knoop, R. (1995). Relationships among job involvement, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment for nurses. The Journal of Psychology, 129, 643-649.
Koch, J. L., & Steers, R. M. (1978). Job attachment, satisfaction, and turnover among public sector employees. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 12, 119-128.
Koyuncu, M., Burke, R. J., & Fiksenbaum, L. (2006). Work engagement among women managers and professionals in a Turkish bank: Potential antecedents and consequences. Equal Opportunities International, 25, 299-310.
Kristof, A. L. (1996). Person-environment fit: An integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49, 1-49.
Kristof-Brown, A. L., Zimmerman, R. D., & Johnson, E. C. (2005). Consequences of individuals’ fit at work: A meta analysis of person-job, person-organization, person-group, and person-supervisor fit. Personnel Psychology, 58, 281-342.
Lauver, K. J., & Kristof-Brown, A. (2001). Distinguishing between employees' perceptions of person-job and person-organization fit. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 59, 454-470.
Liao, S. H., Hu, D. C., & Chung, H. Y. (2009). The relationship between leader-member relations, job satisfaction and organizational commitment in international tourist hotels in Taiwan. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20, 1810-1826.
Liu, Y., & Lei, Y. (2012). The connotation of work values: A preliminary review. Asian Social Science, 8, 47-53.
Locke, E A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally.
Macey, W. H., & Schneider, B. (2008). The meaning of employee engagement. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1, 3-30.
Mathieu, J. E., & Zajac, D. M. (1990). A review and meta-analysis of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of organizational commitment. Psychological Bulletin, 10, 171- 194.
Meglino, B. M., & Ravlin, E. C. (1998). Individual values in organizations: Concepts, controversies, and research. Journal of Management, 24, 351-389.
Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1997). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application. CA: Sage Publications.
Miller, M. F. (1974). Relationship of vocational maturity to work values. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 5, 367-371.
Mowday, R. T., Porter, L. W., & Dubin, R. (1974). Unit performance, situational factors, and employee attitudes in spatially separated work units. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 12, 231-248.
Mowday, R. T., Porter, L. W., & Steers, R. M. (1979). The measurement of organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14, 224-247.
Pennings, J. M. (1970). Work-value systems of white-collar workers. Administrative Science Quarterly, 15, 397-405.
Porter, L. W., Steers, R. M., Mowday, R. T., & Boulian P. V. (1974). Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric technicians. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59, 603-609.
Putti, J. M., Aryee, S., & Liang, T. K. (1989). Work values and organizational commitment: A study in the Asian context. Human Relations, 42, 275-288.
Ravlin, E. C., & Meglino, B. M. (1987). Effect of values on perception and decision making: A study of alternative work values measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 666-673.
Rich, B. L., Lepine, J. A., & Crawford, E. R. (2010). Job engagement: Antecedents and effects on job performance. Academy of Management Journal, 53, 617-635.
Richman, A. L., Civian, J. T., Shannon, L. L., Hill, E. J., & Brennan, R. T. (2008). The relationship of perceived flexibility, supportive work–life policies, and use of formal flexible arrangements and occasional flexibility to employee engagement and expected retention. Community, Work and Family, 11, 183-197.
Roe, R. A., & Ester, P. (1999). Values and work: Empirical findings and theoretical perspective. Applied Psychology, 48, 1-21.
Rokeach, M. (1973). The nature of human values. New York: Free Press.
Rosenberg, M. (1957). Occupations and values. Glencoe, Illinois: Free Press.
Rounds, J. B. (1990). The comparative and combined utility of work value and interest in career counseling with adults. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 37, 32-45.
Sagiv, L., & Schwartz, S. H. (2000). Value priorities and subjective well-being: Direct relations and congruity effects. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 177-198.
Saks, A. M. (2006). Antecedents and consequences of employee engagement. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21, 600-619.
Saks, A. M., & Ashforth, B. E. (1997). A longitudinal investigation of the relationships between job information sources, applicant perceptions of fit, and work outcomes. Personnel Psychology, 50, 395-426.
Schaufeli, W. B., & Bakker, A. (2003). Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES). Utrecht. The Netherlands: Occupational Health Psychology Unit, University of Utrecht.
Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B., & Salanova, M. (2006). The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: A cross-national study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66, 701-716.
Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., Gonzἀlez-Romἀ, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout: A two sample confirmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 71-92.
Schein, E. H. (1970). Organizational psychology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Schwartz, S. H. (1999). A theory of cultural values and some implications for work. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48, 23-47.
Shapira, Z., & Griffith, T. L. (1990). Comparing the work values of engineers with managers, production and clerical workers: A multivariate analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 11, 281-292.
Sommer, S. M., Bae, S. H., & Luthans, F. (1996). Organizational commitment across cultures: The impact of antecedents on Korean employees. Human Relations, 49, 977-993.
Sonnentag, S. (2003). Recovery, work engagement, and proactive behavior: A new look at the interface between nonwork and work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 518-528.
Sonnentag, S., Mojza, E. J., Binnewies, C., & Scholl, A. (2008). Being engaged at work and detached at home: A week-level study on work engagement, psychological detachment, and affect. Work & Stress, 22, 257-276.
Steers, R. M. (1975). Problems in the measurement of organizational effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 20, 546-558.
Steers, R. M. (1977). Antecedents and outcomes of organizational commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22, 46-56.
Super, D. E. (1970). Manual for the Work Values Inventory. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.
Super, D. E. (1973). The work values inventory. In D. G. Zytowski(Ed.), Contemporary approaches to interest measurement(pp.189-205). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Super, D. E. (1990). A life-span, life-space approach to career development. In D. Brown and L. Brooks (Eds.), Career Choice and Development(pp.197-261). San Francisco: Jossey- Bass.
Van den Broeck, A., Van Ruysseveldt, J., Smulders, P., & De Witte, H. (2011). Does an intrinsic work value orientation strengthen the impact of job resources? A perspective from the Job Demands-Resources Model. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 20, 581-609.
Vansteenkiste, M., Neyrinck, B., Niemiec, C. P., Soenens, B., Witte, H. D., & Broeck, A. V. (2007). On the relations among work value orientations, psychological need satisfaction and job outcomes: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 80, 251-277.
Verquer, M. L., Beehr, T. A., & Wagner, S. H. (2003). A meta-analysis of relations between person-organization fit and work attitudes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 63, 473-489.
Wang, C. Y. P., Chen, M. H., Hyde, B., & Hsieh, L. (2010). Chinese employees' work values and turnover intentions in multinational companies: The mediating effect of pay satisfaction. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 38, 871-894.
Wefald, A. J., & Downey, R. G. (2009). Construct dimensionality of engagement and its relation with satisfaction. The Journal of Psychology, 143, 91-112.
Weining, L., & Kunjin, W. (2011). The relationship between work values and work performance in communication enterprises. 2nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Management Science and Electronic Commerce (AIMSEC), 1733-1737.
Wollack, S. J., Goodale, J., Witjing, & Smith, P. (1971). Development of the survey of work values. Journal of Applied Psychology, 55, 331-338.
Zytowski, D. G. (1970). The concept of work values. Vocational Guidance Quarterly, 18, 176-186.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>