The effects of perceived Artificial Intelligence’s competence on employee’s job insecurity and work cynicism Moderated mediation by work meaningfulness

Main Article Content

JiYoung Park
YeSeul Jung


Rapid advances in technology in Artificial Intelligence(AI) influence work and workplace. In this study, we aimed to investigate how an employee’s perception of AI’s competence impacts their job insecurity and work cynicism. In an experimental study (Study 1) using a sample of 214 Korean employees, we found that an employee’s perception of AI’s competence increased work cynicism via increased job insecurity. In Study 2, using a sample of 242 American workers, we revealed that the employee’s judgment on AI’s competence positively related to work cynicism, and job insecurity partly mediated the relationship. As hypothesized, the moderating role of work meaningfulness was found. The relationship between job insecurity and work cynicism was stronger for those with a high level of work meaningfulness than those with a low level of work meaningfulness. Also, the mediating effect of job insecurity was moderated by work meaningfulness in the relationship between perceived competence of AI and work cynicism. We discussed implications, limitations, and recommendations for future research.


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Park, J., & Jung, Y. (2020). The effects of perceived Artificial Intelligence’s competence on employee’s job insecurity and work cynicism: Moderated mediation by work meaningfulness. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 33(2), 145–175.
Empirical Articles
Author Biographies

JiYoung Park, Chung-Ang University

Research Institute for Humanities

YeSeul Jung, Yonsei University

Department of Psychology

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