Interaction effects of P-O fit and Machiavellism on the perceived organizational politics

Main Article Content

KangHyun Shin
JongWon Lee
JongHyun Lee
WanSuk Gim


This research has examined the main effects and interaction effect of person-organization fit and machiavellism on perceived organizational politics. This study was conducted by using sample of 396 public officers and analyzed the main and interaction effect of P-O fit and machiavellism on perceived organizational politics by hierarchical regression analyses which controlled demographic factors. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, as P-O fit score increased, the degree of perceived organizational politics tended to decrease( =-.143, p<.01). Second, the higher level of machiavellism was, the lower perceived organizational politics( =.272, p<.001). Third, interaction effect of P-O fit and machiavellism on the perceived organizational politics was significant(⊿ =.024, p<.01). Furthermore, results of this study showed that among three sub-factors of P-O fit, only needs-supplies and demands- ability had a interaction effect with machiavellism(needs-supplies: ⊿ =.033, p<.001; demands-ability: ⊿ =.024, p<.01). Finally, implications of this study and tasks of future research were discussed.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
ShinK., LeeJ., LeeJ., & GimW. (2016). Interaction effects of P-O fit and Machiavellism on the perceived organizational politics. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 29(3), 385-410. Retrieved from
Empirical Articles

Funding data


강혜련, 최서연 (2001). 기혼여성 직장-가정 갈등의 예측변수와 결과변수에 관한 연구. 한국심리학회지: 여성, 6(1), 23-42.

김도영, 유태용 (2002). 성격의 5요인과 조직에서의 맥락수행간의 관계. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 15(2), 1-24.

김병숙, 안윤정, 이보비 (2009). 직무스트레스 요인 및 반응에 대한 성차분석. 페미니즘 연구, 9(2), 157-196.

김영조, 박상언 (1998). 조직문화유형, 조직문화강도와 조직성과 간의 관계에 관한 연구. 인사·조직연구, 6(2), 195-238.

김주엽 (2008). 직무특성과 일-가정 균형. 인적자원개발연구, 11(1), 109-132.

박량희, 유태용 (2007). 개인의 성격, 직무 요구, 직무 통제가 직무 스트레스에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 20(1), 1-20.

박진아, 오세진 (2011). 직무과부하와 비합리적인 조직문화가 정서적 소진에 미치는 영향: 심리적 분리의 매개효과. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 24(4), 809-833.

박형인, 박영아, 김제인, 허태균 (2011). 한국판 직무스트레스 회복경험 척도(Recovery Experience Questionnaire)의 타당화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 24(3), 523- 552.

손영미, 박정열, 김가영 (2006). 일과 삶의 균형 정책의 도입에 관한 연구: 공공 부문을 중심으로. 한국행정학회 2006년도 통합학술대회 발표 논문집, 987-1000.

안여명, 유태용 (2010). 개인 및 팀 수준에서 성격과 적응수행 간의 관계: 일반적 자기효능감의 매개효과와 변혁적 리더십의 조절효과. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 23(1), 155-179.

안율종 (1997). 조직문화에 관한 이론적 연구. 경영연구, 12(4), 27-56.

안현의, 주혜선, 민지원, 심기선 (2013). 한국판 사건관련 반추 척도(K-ERRI)의 타당화. 인지행동치료, 13(1), 149-172.

오인수 (2002). 일반적 자기효능감: 개념, 측정관련 이슈와 인적자원관리 측면의 시사점. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 15(3), 49- 72.

이종수 (2006). 행정조직문화 측정지표 연구과제의 이론적 접근. 지방행정, 11, 111-122

이환범, 이수창 (2006). 경찰조직문화 유형별 특성과 조직몰입 간의 영향관계 분석. 한국정책과학 학회보, 10(4), 137-157.

장세진, 고상백, 강동묵, 김성아, 강명근, 이철갑, 손동국 (2005). 한국인 직무 스트레스 측정도구의 개발 및 표준화. 대한산업의학회지, 17(4), 297-317.

정준교, 박상언, 김영조 (1995). 조직문화와 조직에 성과와의 관계에 관한 경험적 연구. 생산관계연구, 6, 295-327.

한광현 (2003). 직무의 내재적 특성에 따른 직무스트레스 결과에 있어서 효능감의 조절효과. 한국 인사관리학회지, 27(1), 33-58.

Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Ashforth. B. E., Kreiner, G. E., & Fugate, M. (2000). All in a day's work boundaries and micro role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 25, 472-491.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191-215.

Borman, W. C., & Motowidlo, S. J. (1993). Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance. In N. Schmitt & W. C. Borman(Eds.), Personnel selection in organizations (pp.71-98). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Brief, A. P., Burke, M. J., George, J. M., Robinson, B. S., & Webster, J. (1988). Should negative affectivity remain an unmeasured variable in the study of job stress?, Journal of Applied Psychology, 73(2), 193-198.

Burke, M. J., Brief, A. P., & George, J. M. (1993). The role of negative affectivity in understanding relations between self-reports of stressors and strains: A comment on the applied psychology literature. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 402-412.

Calhoun, L. G., & Tedeschi, R. G. (1999). Facilitating posttraumatic growth: A clinician's guide. Psychology Press.

Campbell, J. P. (1990). Modeling the performance prediction problem in industrial and organizational psychology, In M. D. Dunnette & L. M. Hough(Eds.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology(2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp.687-732). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychological Press.

Chen, G., Gully, S. M., & Eden, D. (2001). Validation of a new general self-efficacy scale. Organizational Research Methods, 4, 62-83.

Clark, S. C. (2000). Work/family border theory: A new theory of work/family balance. Human Relations, 53, 747-770.

Cribb, G., Moulds, M. L., & Carter, S. (2006). Rumination and experiential avoidance in depression. Behaviour Change, 23(3), 165-176.

Etzion, D., Eden, D., & Lapidot, Y. (1998). Relief from job stressors and burnout: Reserve service as a respite. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 377-385.

Fritz, C., & Sonnentag, S. (2006). Recovery, well-being, and performance-related outcomes: The role of workload and vacation experiences. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 936-945.

Fritz, C., & Yankelevich, M, Zarubin, A., & Bager, P. (2010). Happy and productive: The role of detachment from work during nonwork time. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 977-983.

Gardner, D. G., & Pierce, J. L. (1998). Self-efficacy within the organizational context, Group and Organizational Management, 23, 48-70.

Jones, D. S. (1986). Socialization tactics, self-efficacy, and newcomers' adjustments to organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 29, 262-279.

Karasek, R. A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24, 285-308.

Martin, J. (1992). Cultures in organizations: Three perspective. N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

Martin, L. L., & Tesser, A. (1996). Some ruminative thoughts. Advances in Social Cognition, 9, 1-47.

Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Morrow, J. (1991). A prospective study of depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms after a natural disaster: The 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61(1), 115-121.

OECD. (2010). OECD Employment Outlook 2010.

Park, Y., Fritz, C., & Jex, S. M. (2011). Relationships between work-home segmentation and psychological detachment from work: The role of communication technology use at home. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16(4), 457-467.

Post, R. M. (1992). Transduction of psychosocial stress into the neurobiology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 999-1010.

Potok, Y., & Littman-Ovadia, H. (2014). Does personality regulate the work stressor- psychological detachment relationship?. Journal of Career Assessment, 22(1), 43-58.

Quick, J. C., & Quick, J. D. (2004). Healthy, happy, and productive work: A leadership challenge. Organizational Dynamics, 33(4), 329- 337.

Quinn, R. E., & Mcgrath, M. R. (1985). The transformation of organizational cultures: A competing values perspectives. In P. J. Frost et al.(Eds.), Organizational culture(pp.315-334). Beverly Hills: Sage.

Schunk, D. H. (1983). Progress self-monitoring: Effects on children's self-efficacy and achievement. Journal of Experimental Education, 51, 89-93.

Sherer, M., Maddux, J. E., Mercandante, B., Prentice, D, S., Jacobs, B., & Rogers, R.. (1982). The self-efficacy scale: construction and validation. Psychological Reports, 51, 663- 671.

Sonnentag, S., (2012). Psychological detachment from work during leisure time: The benefits of mentally disengaging from work. Psychological Science. 21(2), 114-118.

Sonnentag, S., & Bayer, U. V. (2005). Switching off mentally: Predictors and consequences of psychological detachment from work during off-job time. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10(4), 393-414.

Sonnentag, S., Binnewies, C., & Mojza, E. J. (2008). Did you have a nice evening?: A day-level study on recovery experiences, sleep, and affect. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3), 674-684.

Sonnentag, S., Binnewies, C., & Mojza, E. J. (2010). Staying well and engaged when demands are high: The role of psychological detachment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(5), 965-976.

Sonnentag, S., & Fritz, C. (2007). The recovery experience questionnaire: Development and validation of a measure for assessing recuperation and unwinding from work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12(3), 204-221.

Sonnentag, S., & Fritz. C. (2010). Job stressors, emotional exhaustion, and need for recovery: A multi-source study on the benefits of psychological detachment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(3), 355-365.

Sonnentag, S., & Kruel, U. (2006). Psychological detachment from work during off-job time: The role of job stressors, job involvement, and recovery-related self-efficacy. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15(2), 197-217.

Sonnentag, S., Kuttler, I., & Fritz, C. (2010). Job stressors, emotional exhaustion, and need for recovery: A multi-source study on the benefits of psychological detachment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(3), 355-365.

Sonnentag, S., Mojza, E. J., Binnewies, C., & Scholl, A. (2008). Being engaged at work and detached at home: A week-level study on work engagement, psychological detachment, and affect. Work and Stress, 22(3), 257-276.

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063–1070.

Most read articles by the same author(s)