The influence of Person-Job Fit on burnout and work engagement The moderating effect of LMX

Main Article Content

Changgoo Heo
KangHyun Shin


This study was conducted to identify the effects of P-J Fit on burnout and work engagement in a sample of 382 employees from major company. The present study attempted to find out the influences of LMX to burnout and engagement and verify the moderating effects of LMX on the influences. The results showed that P-J Fit reduced level of burnout and elevated level of work engagement and the influences were statistically significant. It means that positive influence of P-J Fit which verified in many previous researches was also founded in burnout and engagement. Next, we found that these positive effects of P-J Fit were moderated by LMX. In other words, LMX were enhancing the positive effect of P-J Fit to engagement and negative effect to burnout. It implies that people who have good relation to their superiors feel less burnout due to P-J Unfit and feel more engagement due to P-J Fit. So, the relations between people in company are as important as job characteristics for human resource management. Finally, Implications and limitations of this study are discussed.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

Empirical Articles


김원형, 신강현, 허창구, 이종구 (2007). 정서노동과 직무탈진: 자율성과 사회적 지지의 조절효과. 한국심리학회지: 건강, 12, 905- 921.
심윤희, 유태용 (2009). 개인-직무 부합이 종업원의 직무열의에 미치는 영향: 의미성과 유능성의 매개효과를 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 22, 399-420.
유태용, 현희정 (2003a). 개인과 조직간 부합 연구에서 다차항 회귀분석과 반응 표면분석의 적용. 한국 산업 및 조직심리학회 추 계학술회 발표논문집, 101-110.
유태용, 현희정 (2003b). 현재 조직성격과 이상적 조직성격간 부합이 조직에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회 연차학술발표 논문집, 337.
장재윤, 최한별 (2007). 심리적 임파워먼트가 조직몰입에 미치는 영향: 자율적 동기화의 매개 효과 및 고/저 수행집단간의 차이분석. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 20, 113-133.
최명옥, 유태용 (2005). 개인-조직, 개인-직무, 개인-상사 부합이 조직몰입, 직무만족, 이직의도에 미치는 영향: 부합들간의 상호 작용 효과를 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 18, 139-162.
탁진국 (2007). 개인-직무 부합의 선행변인과 이직의도와의 관계: 신입사원을 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 20, 459- 473.
파이낸셜 뉴스 (2008). ‘메뚜기 직장인’ 이직 증후군을 조심하자. 2008. 11. 11.
한겨례 (2005). 직장인 55%, “현재 직무 적성 에 안 맞아” 2005. 4. 12.
한겨례 (2008). 직장인 10명 중 8명 “일 때문에 지병 앓아.” 2008. 8. 14.
한국경영자총회 (2008). 대졸 신입사원 채용 및 재교육 현황조사 결과.
한국경영자총회 (2010). 2010년 대졸 신입사원 업무능력 평가조사 결과.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Baron, R. M. & Kenny, D. (1986). The moderator -mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182
Beehr, T. A., & Bhagat, R. S. (1985). Introduction to human stress and cognition in organizations, in Beehr, T. A., & Bhagat, R. S. (Eds), Human Stress and Cognition in Organizations: An Integrated Perspective. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 3-19.
Borman, W. C. (1982). Validity of behavioral assessment for predicting recruiter performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 3-9.
Bradely, H. B. (1969). Community-based treatment for young adult offenders. Crime and Delinquency, 15, 359-370.
Bray, D. W., Campbell, R. J. (1968). Selection of salesmen by means of an assessment center. Journal of Applied Psychology, 52, 36-41.
Byham, W. C. (1970). Assessment center for spotting future managers. Harvard Business Review, 48, 150-160, plus appendix.
Cable, D. M., & DeRue, D. S. (2002). The convergent and discriminant validity of subjective fit perceptions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 875-884.
Chengjun, Z., Fei, X., & Xiaoming, T. (2010). The relationship between POF and JI: The moderating effect of LMX. Web Society (SWS), 2010 IEEE 2nd Symposium on, 619-621.
Cohen, B. M., Moses, J. L., & Byham, W. C. (1974). The validity of assessment centers: A literature review. Monograph II. Pittsburgh, PA: Development Dimensions Press.
Edwards. J. R. (1991). Person-job fit: A conceptual integration, literature on review and methodological critique. International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. 6, 283- 357.
Freudenberger, H. J. (1974). Staff Burn-out. Journal of Social Issues, 30, 159-165.
Ganzach, Y., Pazy, A., Ohayun, Y., & Grainin, E. (2002). Social exchange and organizational commitment: Decision-making training for job choice as an alternative to the realistic job preview. Personnel Psychology, 55, 613-637.
Gaugler, B. B., Rosenthal, D. B., Thornton, G. C., Ⅲ, & Bentson, C. (1987). Meta-analysis of assessment center validity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 493-511.
Gerstner, C. R. and Day, D. V. (1997). Meta- analytic review of leader-member exchange theory: Correlates and construct issues, Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(6), 827-844.
Graen, G., & Cashman, J. F. (1975). A role-making model of leadership in formal organizations: A developmental approach. In J. G. Hunt & L. L. Larson (Eds.), Leadership frontiers (pp.143-165). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
Graen, G., Novak, M. A., and Sommerkamp, P. (1982b). The effects of leader-member exchange and job design on productivity and satisfaction: Testing a dual attachment model, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 30, 109-131.
Graen, G. B. and Uhl-Bein, M. (1995). “Relationship-based approach to leadership: Development of leader-member (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years: Applying a multi- level multi-domain perspective.” Leadership Quarterly, 6, 219-247.
Hardison, C. M., & Sackett, P. R. (2004, April). Assessment center criterion-related validity: A meta-analysis update. Paper presented at the 19th annual conference of the Society Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, Ill.
Harris, K. J. & Kacmar, K. M. (2006). Too Much of a Good Thing? The Curvilinear Effect of Leader-Member Exchange on Stress. Journal of Social Psychology, 146, 65-84.
Helbesleben, J. B. (2006). Sources of social support and burnout: a meta-analytic test of the conservation of resources model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 1134-1145.
Hobfoll, S. E. (1988). The ecology of stress, New York: Hemisphere.
Hobfoll, S. E. (1989). Conservation of resource: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, 44, 513-524.
Hobfoll, S. E. (1998). Stress, culture, and community. New York: Plenum Press.
Hollander, E. P., & Julian, J. W. (1969). Contemporary trends in the analysis of leadership processes. Psychological Bulletin 71, 387-397
Hunter, J. E., & Hunter, R. F. (1984). Validity and utility of alternative predictors of job performance. Psychological Bulletin, 96, 72-98.
Jackson, S. E., Schwab, R. L., & Schuler, R. S. (1986). Toward an understanding of the burnout phenomenon. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, 630-640.
Judge, T. A, & Ferris, G. R. (1992). The elusive criterion of fit in human resource staffing decisions. Human Resource Planning, 15, 47-67.
Kammeyer-Mueller, J., & Wanberg, C. (2003). Unwrapping the organizational entry process: Disentangling multiple antecedents and their pathways to adjustment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 779-794.
Kristof, A. L. (1996). Person-organization fit: An integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49, 1–49.
Kristof-Brown, A. L., Jansen, K. L., & Colbert, A. E. (2002). A policy-capturing study of the simultaneous effect of fit with jobs, groups and organizations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 985-993.
Kristof-Brown, A. L., Zimmerman, R. D., & Johnson, E. C. (2005), Consequences of individuals’ fit at work: A meta-analysis of person-job, person-organization, person-group and person-supervisor fit, Personnel Psychology, 58, 281-342.
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.
Liden R. C., & Graen, G. (1980). Gernalizability of the vertical dyad linkage model of leadership. Academy of Management Journal, 23, 451-465.
Liden, R. C., Wayne, S. J, & Stilwell, D. (1993). A longitudinal study on the early development of leader-member exchanges. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 662-674.
Liden, R. C., Wayne, S. J., & Sparrowe, R. T. (2000). An examination of the mediating role of psychological empowerment on the relations between the job, interpersonal relationships, and work outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 407-416.
Maslach, C. (2003). Job burnout: New directions in research and intervention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 1, 189-192.
Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1985). The role of sex and family variables in burnout. Sex Roles, 12, 837-851.
Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (1997). The truth about burnout. (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Maslach, C., Jackson, S. E., & Schwab, R.L. (1996). Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES). In C. Maslach, S. E. Jackson, & M. P. Leiter (Eds.), MBI Manual. (3rd ed.). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job Burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422
O’Reilly, C. A., Chatman, J., & Caldwell, D. F. (1991). People and organizational culture: A profile comparison approach to assessing person-organization fit. Academy of Management Journal, 34, 487-516.
Pierce, J. L., & Newstrom, J. W. (2002). The manager's bookshelf: A mosaic of contemporary views. (6th ed.), Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Ray, E. B., & Miller, K. I. (1994). Social support, home/work stress, and burnout: Who can help? Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 30, 357-373.
Rousseau, D. (1995). Psychological contracts in organizations: Understanding written and unwritten agreements. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Salancik, G. R., & Preffer, J. (1977). An examination of need-satisfaction models of job attitudes. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22, 293-309.
Scandura, T. A., & Graen, G. (1984). Moderating effects of initial leader-member exchange status on the effects of leadership intervention. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 428-436.
Schaufeli, W. B., & Bakker, A. B. (2004). Job demands, job resources, and their relationship with burnout and engagement: a multi-sample study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 293-315.
Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., Gonza ΄lez-Roma ΄, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout and: a confirmative analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 71-92.
Schmitt, N., Gooding, R. Z., Noe, R. A., & Kirsch, M. (1984). Meta-analyses of validity studies published between 1964 and 1982 and the investingation of study characteristics. Personnel Psychology, 37, 407-422.
Schneider, B. (1987). The people make the place. Personnel Psychology, 40, 437-454.
Shaw, J. D., & Gupta, N. (2004). Job complexity, performance, and well-being: When does supplies-values fit matter? Personnel Psychology, 57, 847-879.
Thornton, C. G., III, Byham, W. C. (1982). Assessment centers and managerial performance. New York: Academic Press.
Truckenbrodt, Y. B. (2000). Leader-member exchange and commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. Acquisition Review Quarterly-Summer, 233-244.
Uhl-Bien, M., Graen, G. B., & Scandura, T. (2000). Implications of leader-member exchange (LMX) for strategic human resource management systems: Relationship as social capital for competitive advantage. In G. R. Ferris (Ed.), Research in personnel and human resource management, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 18, 137-185.
Verquer, M. L., Beehr, T. A., & Wagner, S. H. (2003). A meta-analysis of relations between person-organization fit and work attitudes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 63, 473-489
Werbel, J. D., & Gilliland, S. W. (1999). Person-environment fit in the selection process. In Ferris, G. R. (Ed.), Research in Personnel and Human Resource Management. Stamford, CT: JAI Press.
Xie, Y. Z, Han, X., Zhang, X., & Shi, K. (2006). Person-job fit, person-organization fit and job satisfaction: the moderating role of leader- member exchange. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 14, 495-498.
Zhu, W., Avolio, B. J., & Walumbwa, F. O. (2009). Moderating role of follower characteristics with transformational leadership and follower work engagement. Group and Organization Management, 34, 590-619.

Most read articles by the same author(s)