The effects of strengths coaching program on strengths self efficacy, positive affect, self efficacy, job engagement and organizational commitment based on Korean employees

Main Article Content

Hyaeyeong Seon
Suyeon Kim
Miae Lee
Jinkook Tak

Abstract

This study was designed to examine the effects of strengths coaching program on strengths self efficacy, positive affect, self efficacy, work engagement, and organizational commitment based on Korean employees. Participants were 43 Korean employees, 21 for the experiment group and 22 for the control group. Data were collected across three times(pre, post, follow-up). To measure overall effects, strengths self efficacy, positive affect, self efficacy, work engagement and organizational commitment were measured. Results showed that there were significant interaction effects between time interval and groups for all the dependent variables, confirming the effects of the coaching program. Also, there were non significant effects of time interval(post and follow-up) for all the dependent variables, confirming the duration of the program effect across time. Finally, implications and limitations of the study were discussed.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
 

Article Details

Section
Empirical Articles

References

김기년, 탁진국 (2013). 청소년 강점척도 개발 및 타당도 검증. 한국심리학회지: 일반, 32(4), 803-828.
김수정 (2009). 치위생사와 간호조무사의 자기효능감이 직무만족, 조직몰입, 이직의도에 미치는 영향. 의료경영학연구, 3(1), 1-10.
김주섭, 박재춘 (2013). 조직문화와 긍정심리자본, 조직몰입의 인과관계에 대한 다수준분석. 인적자원관리연구, 20(3), 51-74.
김태완, 최경민, 김규태 (2015). 중등교사의 긍정심리자본과 조직몰입간의 관계: 행복감과 직무스트레스 대처태도의 매개효과. 교육문화연구, 21, 211-240.
박미윤 (2013). 강점을 활용한 코칭프로그램이 대학생의 구직효능감과 진로준비행동에 미치는 효과. 광운대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
박부금, 이희경 (2012). 강점 활용 척도의 타당화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 일반, 31(3), 599-616.
박춘금 (2012). 커리어 코칭 프로그램이 전문대학생 구직효능감, 진로준비행동에 미치는 효과. 광운대학교 교육대학원 석사학위논문.
배준영, 이강표 (2012). 다국적기업 자회사 현지 직원 조직일체감의 선행요인과 결과. 국제경영연구, 23(3), 1-35.
성영은, 윤천성 (2014). 금융기관 종사자의 자기효능감과 조직몰입의 관계에서 변혁적 리더십의 조절효과 연구. 평생교육리더십연구, 1(2), 7-33.
오인수 (2002). 일반적 자기효능감: 개념, 측정관련 이슈와 인적자원관리 측면의 시사점. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 15(3), 49- 72.
유정은 (2015). 강점활용 그룹코칭프로그램이 대학생의 문제해결능력과 자기효능감에 미치는 영향. 광운대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
이정욱, 김진모 (2012). 대기업 연구개발 인력의 직무성과와 자기효능감, 개인창의성 및 조직몰입의 인과관계. 산업교육연구, 24, 21-48.
이환범, 이수창 (2006). 경찰공무원의 직무스트레스, 직무만족, 조직몰입과 이직의도 간의 상호관계에 관한 연구. 한국조직학회보, 12(8), 83-101.
임창현 (2012). 긍정정서코칭이 여성의 자기효능감과 자기표현력에 미치는 효과. 광운대학교 석사학위논문.
조지연, 탁진국 (2016). 긍정심리기반 강점코칭프로그램이 대학생들의 자기효능감, 진로의사결정 및 진로결정수준에 미치는 영향. 청소년학연구, 23(1), 279-304.
정선우, 이영민, 임다영 (2013). 기초자치단체 공무원의 긍정심리자본 인식과 조직시민행동, 조직몰입 인식의 구조적 관계분석. GRI 연구논총, 15, 35-55.
장성희 (2009). 서비스 종업원의 정서특성이 직무탈진과 업무열의에 미치는 영향: 정서노동 전략의 매개효과. 아주대학교 일반대학원 석사학위논문.
최경화 (2015). 경력단절여성 대상 강점중심 그룹코칭프로그램이 자존감, 구직효능감, 회복탄력성에 미치는 영향. 광운대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
허희정 (2016). 강점기반 부모그룹 코칭프로그램이 부모효능감과 부모-자녀 의사소통 및 그 자녀의 자기효능감에 미치는 영향. 광운대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
탁진국, 임그린, 정재희 (2014). 행복증진을 위한 긍정심리기반 코칭프로그램 개발 및 효과성 검증. 한국심리학회지: 일반, 33(1), 139-166.
홍혜영 (1995). 완벽주의 성향, 자기효능감, 우울과의 관계연구. 이화여자대학교 석사학위논문.
Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-17.
Asplund, J., Lopez, S. J., Hodges, T., & Harter, J. (2007). The Clifton StrengthsFinder 2.0 technical report: Development and validation. The Gallup Organization, Prinston, NJ.
Bandura, A. (1989). Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy. Developmental psychology, 25(5), 729-735.
Bandura, A. (1993). Perceived self-efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Educational psychologist, 28(2), 117-148.
Bandura, A. (2006). Guide to the construction of self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents, 5, 307-337. Greenwich, Connecticut: Information Age.
Blau, G. (1989). Testing the generalizability of a concept a career commitment measure and its impact on employee turnover. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 35, 88-103.
Borgen, W. A., & Amundson, N. E. (1987). The dynamics of unemployment. Journal of Counseling & Development, 66(4), 180-184.
Buchanan, B. (1974). Building organizational commitment: The socialization of managers in work organization. Administrative Science Quarterly, 19, 533-546.
Buckingham, M., & Clifton. D. O. (2013). 위대한 나의 발견 강점혁명[Now, discover your strengths]. (박정숙 역), 서울: 청림출판(원전은 2001에 출판).
Buckingham, M. (2007). Go Put Your Strengths. New York: Free Press.
Clifton, D. O., & Anderson, E. C. (2002). Strengths-Quest: Discover and develop your strengths in academics, career, and beyond. Washington DC: The Gallup Organization.
Clifton, D. O., & Harter, J. K. (2003). Investing in Strengths. In A. K. S. Cameron, B. J. E. Dutton, & C. R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive Organizational Scholarship: Foundations of a New Discipline (pp. 111-121). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
Diener, E. (1994). Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities. Social Indicators Research, 31(2), 103-157.
Drucker, P. F. (2002). 자기경영노트[The effective executive]. (이재규 역), 서울: 한국경제신문(원전은 1967에 출판).
Elston, F., & Boniwell, I. (2011). A grounded theory study of the value derived by women in financial services through a coaching intervention to help them identify their strengths and practise using them in the workplace. International Coaching Psychology Review, 6(1), 16-32.
Evers, W. J. G., Brouwers, A., & Tomic, W. (2006). A quasi-experimental study on management coaching effectiveness. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 58, 174-182.
Fisher, C. D. (2010). Happiness at work. International Journal of Management Reviews, 12, 384-412.
Friedman, T. L. (2005). The world is falt: A brief history of the twenty-first century. Macmillan.
Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 359(1449), 1367-1378. http://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2004.1512
Frijda, N. H. (2000). The psychologists’ point of view, Handbook of emotion(3rd edition), The Guilford press. 68-87.
Govindji, R., & Linley, A. (2007). Strengths use, self-concordance and well-being: Implications for strengths coaching and coaching psychologists. International Coaching Psychology Review, 2(2), 143-153.
Grant, A. M. (2014). The efficacy of executive coaching in times of organizational change. Journal of Change Management, 14, 258-280.
Hakanen, J. J., Schaufeli, W. B., & Ahola, K. (2008). The Job Demands-Resources model: A three-year cross-lagged study of burnout, depression, commitment, and work engagement. Work & Stress, 22(3), 224-241.
Halbesleben, J. R. B. (2010). A meta-analysis of work engagement: Relationships with burnout, demands, resources, and consequences. In A. B. Bakker and M. P. Leiter (Eds.), Work engagement: A handbook of essential theory and research (pp. 102-117). Hove, East Sussex, England: Psychology Press.
Harris, A. H. S., Thoresen, C. E., & Lopez, S. J. (2007). Integrating positive psychology into counselling: Why and (when appropriate) how. Journal of Counselling & Development, 85, 3-14.
Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L., & Hayes, T. L. (2002). Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 268-279.
Hill, J. (2001). How well do we know our strengths? Paper presented at the British Psychological Society Centenary Conference, Glasgow.
Kahn, W. A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of Management Journal, 33, 692-724.
Kanter, R. M. (1968). Commitment and Social Organization: A Social of Commitment Mechanism in Utopian Communities. American Sociological Review, 33(4), 499-517.
Lane, F. C., Chapman, N. H. (2011). The relationship of hope and strength’s self-efficacy to the social change model of leadership. Journal of Leadership Education 10(2), 116-137.
Lent, R. W. (2004). Toward a unifying theoretical and practical perspective on well-being and psychosocial adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51, 482-509.
Linley, P. A., & Harrington, S. (2006). Playing to your strengths. Psychologist, 19(2), 86-89.
Linley, P. A., Woolston, L., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2009). Strengths coaching with leaders. International Coaching Psychology Review, 4(1), 1750-2764.
Linley, P. A., Nielsen, K. M., Gillett, R., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). Using signature strengths in pursuit of goals: Effects on goal progress, need satisfaction, and well-being, and implications for coaching psychologists. International Coaching Psychology Review, 5(1), 6-15.
Linley, A. & CAPP Team. (2012). Technical manual and statistical properties for Realise2. www.cappeu.com.
Lopez, J. L., & Louis, M. C. (2009). The principles of strengths-based education. Journal of College & Character, 10, 1-8.
Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2007). Emerging positive organizational behavior. Journal of Management, 33, 321-349.
Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job Burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422.
Mathieu, J. E. (1991). A cross-level nonrecursive model of the antecedents of organizational commitment and satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 607-618.
Meyer, J. P., Stanley, D. J., Herscovitch, L., & Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, Continuance and Normative Commitment to the Organization: A Meta-analysis of Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61, 20-52.
Mowday, R., Porter. L., & Steers, R. (1982). Employee-organizational Linkages: The psychology of Commitment, Absenteeism, and Turnover. New York: Academic Press.
Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. New York: Oxford University Press/Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Proctor, C., Maltby, J., & Linley, P. A. (2011). Strengths use as a predictor of well-being and health-related quality of life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(1), 153-169.
Rothbard, N. P. (2001). Enriching or depleting? The dynamics of engagement in work and family roles. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46, 655-684.
Salanova, M., Agut, S., & Peiró, J. M. (2005). Linking organizational resources and work engagement to employee performance and customer loyalty: The mediation of service climate. Journal or applied psychology, 90(6), 1217-1227.
Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B., & Salanova, M. (2006). The Measurement of Work Engagement With a Short Questionnaire: A Cross-National Study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(4), 701-716.
Schaufeli, W., Salanova, M., Gonzalez-Romá, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout: A two sample confirmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 71-92.
Seligman, M. E. P. (1998). Positive psychology: Proposal for a network. Positive psychology network concept paper.
Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press.
Seligman, M. E. P., Steen, T. A., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60, 410-421.
Shelton, S. H. (1990). Developing the construct of general self-efficacy. Psychological Reports, 66, 987-994.
Sherer, M., Maddux, J., Mercandante, B., Prentice-Dunn, S., Jacobs, B., & Rogers. R. W. (1982). The self-efficacy scale: Construction and Validation. Psychological Reports, 51. 663-671.
Shore, I. M., & Martin, H. J. (1989). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment in relations to work performance and turnover intentions. Human Relations, 42(7), 625-638.
Tsai, C., Chaichanasakul, A., Zhao, R., Flores, L.Y., & Lopez, S. (2014). Deveiopment and validation of the Strengths Self-Efficacy Scale(SSES). Journal of Career Assessment 22(2), 221-232.
Watson, D., Clark, L., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect : The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070.
Williams, L. J., & Anderson, S. E. (1991). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment as a predictor of organizational citizenship behavior research. Journal of Organizational psychology, 79, 323-331.
Wood, A. M., Linley, P. A., Maltby, J., Kashdan, T. B., & Hurling, R. (2011). Using personal and psychological strengths leads to increases in well-being over time: A longitudinal study and the development of the strengths use questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(1), 15-19.
Zhao, R., Tsai, C., Chaichanasakul, A., Flores, L. Y., & Lopez, S. (2010). A Validity and Reliability Study of the Strength Self-Efficacy. Poster presented at the 118th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Diego.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>