The effect of behavior based safety(BBS) program on safety climate and safety behaviors A field study

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Kwangsu Moon
Kyehoon Lee
Jaehee Lee
Shezeen Oah


This study examined the effectiveness of behavior-based safety(BBS) program in improving safe behaviors and safety climate of organization. BBS program was applied to the steel manufacturing and construction sites. The dependent variables were measured by the percentage of employees’ safe behaviors observed and perceived safe behaviors and safety climate of employees. BBS program consisted of goal-setting, feedback, and incentive. The one group pretest-posttest design was adopted for perceived safe behaviors and safety climate. Observed safe behaviors were measured during the baseline and intervention phases(AB design). The results indicated that the mean percentage of employees’ safe behaviors observed increased after introducing BBS program. Also, the mean scores of perceived safe behaviors and safety climate of employees significantly increased. Based on these results, the implications of this study and suggestions for future research were discussed.


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