The Five-Factor Model of Workplace Spirituality A conceptualization and scale development

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Sangchoong Roh
Yongwon Suh


The purpose of the present study is to propose comprehensive conceptual model of workplace spirituality(WS) and to develp a scale that can measure the WS. In study 1, the five-factor model of WS was proposed, and 39 items were developed for constructing workplace spirituality index(WSI) scale. The 5-factor model of WS included the followings: 1) ‘a sense of inner life’ toward oneself, 2) ‘a sense of calling’ toward one's work, 3) ‘a sense of empathy’ toward one's colleagues, 4) ‘a sense of community’ toward on's organization, and 5) ‘a sense of transcendence’ above and beyond one's ego. A sample of 239 participants from six global companies completed the scale, and an exploratory factor analysis showed 5 factor structure, and 23 items were selected to constuct a final WSI scale. In study 2, a cross-validation study was conducted with a sample of 161 participants. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated a satisfactory fit for the 5-factor model of WS, and a secondary factor analysis revealed that the five factors were well converged into the higher factor of the whole WS. In study 3, a discriminant validation study was conducted with a sample of 400 employees to show a discriminant validity between WS and subjective well-being (SWB), quality of working life (QWL), and perceived value of work (PVW). The results showed that WS was a different construct with the above related concepts. Finally, theoretical and practical implications were discussed, and limitations and future suggestions were described.


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Sangchoong Roh, Sungkyunkwan University

Department of Psychology

Yongwon Suh, Sungkyunkwan University

Department of Psychology


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