The study on the relationship of workplace flexibility and turnover intention and innovative work behavior Based on meditating effect of work-growth balance, perceived organizational support and moderating effect of self-leadership

Main Article Content

HyunSun Chung
HyunChul Yang
DongGun Park

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of workplace flexibility on turnover intention and innovative work behavior in workplace and the mediating roles of work-growth balance and perceived organizational support. In addition, this study examined the moderating effect of self-leadership in the relationship between workplace flexibility and work-growth balance and perceived organizational support. The results from 182 participants provided evidences that (a)workplace flexibility was positively related to the work-growth balance and perceived organizational support, (b) work-growth balance and perceived organizational support were negatively related to the turnover intention and positively related to the innovative work behavior, (c) work-growth balance and perceived organizational support mediated the relationship between workplace flexibility and turnover intention and innovative work behavior. The study revealed that self-leadership moderated the relationship between workplace flexibility and work-growth balance and perceived organizational support. Based on the results, implications of these findings, limitations and future study directions were discussed.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
 

Article Details

Section
Empirical Articles

Funding data

References

강민지, 이계훈, 문광수, 오세진 (2012). 비공식조직 참여도가 직무만족에 미치는 영향: 비공식조직의 순기능적 유용성의 매개효과를 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 25(4), 681-700.
강우란, 배노조, 정지영 (2006). 경영의 새 화두: 일과 생활의 균형. 삼성경제연구소.
고득영, 유태용 (2012). 직무자율성과 혁신행동 간의 관계L직무만족의 매개효과와 성격과 조직혁신풍토의 조절효과. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 25(1), 215-238.
권기룡 (2009). 직무의 자율성이 혁신적 업무성과에 미치는 영향: 부하의 주도적 행동의 매개효과를 중심으로. 단국대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
김성국, 서여주 (2006). 직무불안이 이직의도에 미치는 영향. LMX와 POS의 조절효과를 중심으로. 경상논총, 36, 205-230.
김윤성 (2003). 조직지원인식의 선행요인과 결과요인에 관한 연구: 매개효과의 검증을 중심으로. 조직과 인사관리연구, 27(1), 189-214.
김정운, 박정열 (2008). ‘일과 삶의 균형(Work-life balance)’ 척도 개발을 위한 연구. 여가학연구, 5(3), 53-69.
김정운, 박정열, 손영미, 장 훈 (2005). ‘일과 삶의 조화(Work-life balance)’에 대한 개념적 이해와 효과성. 여가학연구, 2(3), 29- 48.
김지영 (2006). 신입직원의 셀프리더십, 직무만족 및 조직몰입과의 상관성 연구. 연세대학교 교육대학원 석사학위논문.
박성민 (2011). 귀임주재원의 경력개발지원이 직무성과 및 이직의도에 미치는 영향. 중앙대학교 대학원 박사학위논문.
신용국 (2009). 셀프리더십 척도(Revised Self- Leadership Questionnaire) 타당화 연구: 우리나라 대학생을 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 학교, 6(1), 313-340.
윤정구 (2001). A dual process model of organizational commitment: Job satisfaction and organizational support. 한국인사ㆍ조직학회 발표논문집, 19, 157-194.
이도화, 정두영 (2010). 가족친화경영과 조직구성원 성과의 관계에 있어서 일-가정 갈등과 조직지원인식의 매개효과. 인적자원관리연구, 17(4), 265-283.
이선희, 김문석, 박수경 (2008). 가족친화적 경영이 조직몰입과 이직의도에 미치는 영향에 대한 직장-가정 갈등의 매개효과 가설 검증. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 21(3), 383-410.
이세인 (2006). 취업모의 일-가족 갈등과 가족친화적 조직 문화. 연세대학교 석사학위논문.
이요행, 방묘진, 오세진 (2005). 가족친화적 조직문화가 조직몰입, 직장만족, 이직의도, 그리고 가정만족에 미치는 영향: 직장-가정 갈등의 매개효과를 중심으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 18(3), 639-657.
이지우, 김종우, 김일천 (2003). 심리적 임파워먼트와 조직지원이 종합병원 직원들의 혁신적 업무활동에 미치는 영향. 보건행정학회지, 13(1), 46-69.
이호선, 권명은 (2007). 임파워먼트와 조직유효성 관계에 셀프리더십이 미치는 조절효과. HRD 연구, 9(2), 1-18.
장예지 (2007). 가족친화제도에 대한 근로자의 유용성 지각이 조직효과성에 미치는 영향. 이화여자대학교 석사학위논문.
정남진 (1999). 연구개발조직의 리더십에 관한 연구. 고려대학교 경영대학원 석사학위논문.
정현선. (2005). 개인-조직 적합과 조직 유효성의 관계 연구: 주관적 적합 지각과 조직지원인식의 매개효과 중심으로. 고려대학교 석사학위논문.
최만기, 이지우. (1999). 조직혁신에 관한 연구모형의 개발과 연구명제의 설정. 경영학연구, 27(5), 1331-1360.
취업포털 Job Korea. (2007). ‘탄력근무제도에 대해 만족하는 이유’에 대한 조사결과.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Amabile. T. M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 10, 123-167.
Antonovski, A. (1987). Unravelling the mystery of health: How people manage stress and stay well. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., De Boer, E., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2003). Job demands and job resources as predictors of absence duration and frequency. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 62, 341-356.
Baltes, B. B., Briggs, T. E., Huff, J. W., Wright, J. A., & Neuman, G. A. (1999). Flexible and compressed workweek schedules: A meta-analysis of their effects on work-related criteria. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 496- 513.
Bandura, A. (1971). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191-215.
Baron, R. M., Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173.
Batt, R., Valcour, P. M. (2003). Human resources practices as predictors of work-family outcomes and employee turnover. Industrial Relations, 42(2), 189.
Beauvais, L. L., & Lyness, K. S. (1999). When Work–Family benefits are not enough: The influence of Work–Family culture on benefit utilization, organizational attachment, and Work–Family conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54(3), 392.
Becker, B. E., Huselid, M. A. (1992). Direct estimates of SD[suby] and the implications for utility analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(3), 227.
Blau. G. (1993). Testing the relationship of locus of control to different performance dimensions. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 66(2), 125-138.
Eisenberger, R., Cummings, J., Armeli, S., Lynch, P. (1997). Perceived organizational support, discretionary treatment, and job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(5), 812-830.
Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P., & Davis-LaMastro, V. (1990). Perceived organizational support and employee diligence, commitment, and innovation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 51-59.
Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S., Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71(3), 500-523.
Eisenberger, R., N., Cotterell, & J. Marvel. (1987). Reciprocation Ideology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 743-750.
Frye, N. K., & Breaugh, J. A. (2004). Family-friendly policies, supervisor support, Work–Family conflict, Family–Work conflict, and satisfaction: A test of a conceptual model. Journal of Business and Psychology, 19(2), 197.
Golden, T., Veiga, J., & Simsek. (2006). Telecommuting's differential impact on work-family conflict: Is there no place like home? Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(6), 1340-1350.
Grzywacz, J. G., Almeida, D. M., McDonald, D. A., (2002). Worka(euro) “family spillover and daily reports of work and family stress in the adult labor force”. Family Relations, 51(1), 28.
Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1976). Motivation through the design of work: Test of a theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 16, 250-279.
Hill, E. J., Erickson, J. J., Holmes, E. K., Ferris, M. (2010). Workplace flexibility, work ours, and work-life conflict: Finding an extra day or two. Journal of Family Psychology, 24(3), 349.
Hill, E. J., Jackson, A. D., & Martinengo, G. (2006). Twenty years of work and family at International Business Machines Corporation. American Behavioral Scientist, 49, 1165-1183.
Hill, E. J., Joseph, G. G., Sarah, A., Victoria, L. B., Christina, M., Sandee, S., & Marcie, P. (2008). Defining and conceptualizing workplace flexibility. Community, Work & Family, 11(2), 149
Karasek, R. A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: implications for job design. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24, 285-308.
Kossek, E. E., Lautsch, B. A., & Eaton, S. C. (2006). Telecommuting, control, and boundary management: Correlates of policy use and practice, job control, and work–family effectiveness. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68(2), 347.
Kossek, E. E., Ozeki, C. (1998). Work–family conflict, policies, and the job–life satisfaction relationship: A review and directions for organizational behavior–human resources research. Journal of Applied Psychology. 83(2), pp139-149.
Lambert, S. J. (2000). Added benefits: The link between work-life benefits and organizational citizenship behavior. The Academy of Management Journal, 43(5), 801-815.
Langer, E. J. (1983). The psychology of control. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Lefcourt, H. M. (1976). Locus of control: Current trends in theory and research. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Manz, C. C., & Sims, H. P. (1990). Super Leadership. New York: Berkely Books. pp.13-26
Oldham, G. R., & Cummings, A. (1996). Employee creativity: Personal and contextual factors at work. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 607-634.
Organ, D. W. (1988). Organizational Citizenship Bahavior: The good soldier syndrome. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Pierce, J. L., Newstrom, J. W. (1983). The design of flexible work schedules and employee responses: Relationships and process. Journal of Occupational Behaviour, 4(4), 247-262.
Preffer, J. (1981). Management as symbolic action: the creation and maintenance of organizational paradigms. Research in Organizational Behavior, 3, 1-52.
Ralston, D. A., & Flanagan, M. F. (1985). The effect of flextime on absenteeism and turnover for male and female employees. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 26(2), 206.
Ralston, D. A., Anthony, W. P., & Gustafson, D. J. (1985). Employees may love flextime, but what does it do to the organization's productivity? Journal of Applied Psychology. 70, 272-279.
Randall, M. L., Cropanzano, R., Bormann, C. A., Birjulin, A. (1999). Organizational politics and organizational support as predictors of work attitudes, job performance, and organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20(2), 159-178.
Rhoades, L., Eisenberger, R., Armeli, S. (2002). Affective commitment to the organization: The contribution of perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(5), 825-840.
Scandura, T. A., Lankau, M. J. (1997). Relationships of gender, family responsibility and flexible work hours to organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18(4), 377-398.
Scott, S. G., & Bruce, R. A. (1994). Determinants of innovative behavior: A path model of individual innovation in the workplace. Academy of Management Journal, 37: 580- 607.
Spector, P. E. (1982). Behavior in organizations as a function of employee's locus of control. Psychological Bulletin, 91, 482-497.
Stavrou, E. T. (2005). Flexible work bundles and organizational competitiveness: A cross-national study of the european work context. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(8), 923-940.
Wayne, S. J., Shore, L. M., & Liden, R. C. (1997). Perceived organizational support and leader-member exchange: A social exchange perspective. The Academy of Management Journal, 40(1), pp. 82-111.
Williams, L. J., & Anderson, S. E. (1994). An alternative approach to method effects using latent-variable models; applications in organizational behavior research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(3), 323-331.
Woodworth, R. S. (1928). Dynamic psychology. In C. Murchison(Ed.), Psychologies of 1925. Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.