The effect of job overload on job burnout The mediating effect of positive psychological capital and moderating effect of social support and personality

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HyungJu Kim
TaeYong Yoo


The first purpose of this study was to examine the effect of job overload on job burnout through a mediating variable of positive psychological capital. And the second purpose was to examine the moderating effect of social support as an environmental variable and personality(emotional stability and extraversion) as a personal variable on the relationship between job overload and positive psychological capital. Data were gathered from 312 employees who were working in various organizations in Korea. As results, job overload had negative relationship with positive psychological capital and positive relationship with job burnout. Positive psychological capital had mediation effect on the relationship between job overload and job burnout. And social support had moderating effect on the relationship job overload and positive psychological capital because the relationship was less negative when social support was high than low. Also the extraversion had moderating effect on the relationship job overload and positive psychological capital because the relationship was less negative when extraversion was high than low. Finally the implications for research and practice, limitations, and future research tasks were discussed.


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