The effects of positive psychological capital, learning goal orientation, articulating a vision on affective commitment to organizational change The moderating effects of benefits of change, organizational cynicism

Main Article Content

Jiseon Jang
JinKook Tak


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of positive psychological capital, learning goal orientation, and articulating a vision on affective commitment to organizational change. and the moderating effects of benefits of change and organizational cynicism on the relationships between these three variables and commitment of organizational change. Data were collected form 320 employees that have undergone organizational change during recent 1 year. After elimination of inadequate data, 297 data were obtained for statistical analysis. The results of hierarchial regression analyses showed that positive psychological capital and learning goal orientation positively predicted commitment to organizational change. Contrary to hypothesis, however, articulating a vision was negatively related to commitment to organizational change. Also the results of hierarchical regression analyses showed that benefits of change and organization cynicism moderated the relationship between positive psychological capital and affective organizational change commitment. Relationships between leaning goal orientation and affective organizational change commitment are moderated by benefits of change and organizational cynism. Contrary to hypotheses, however, when benefits of change is low and organizational cynicism is high, the relationships were stronger. Finally, implications and limitations of this study and the directions for future research were discussed on the basis of the results.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Jang, J., & Tak, J. (2013). The effects of positive psychological capital, learning goal orientation, articulating a vision on affective commitment to organizational change: The moderating effects of benefits of change, organizational cynicism. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 26(1), 1–25.
Empirical Articles


Acemoglu, D., & Restrepo, P. (2017). Robots and jobs: Evidence from US labor markets. NBER working paper 23285.

Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Aleksander, I. (2017). Partners of humans: A realistic assessment of the role of robots in the foreseeable future. Journal of Information Technology, 32(1), 1-9.

Andersson, L. M., & Bateman, T. S. (1997). Cynicism in the workplace: some causes and effects. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18(5), 449–469.<449::aid-job808>;2-o

Ashford, S. J., Lee, C., & Bobko, P. (1989). Content, cause, and consequences of job insecurity: A theory-based measure and substantive test. Academy of Management Journal, 32(4), 803-829.

Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., De Boer, E., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2003). Job demands and job resources as predictors of absence duration and frequency. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 62(2), 341-356.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182.

Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1(3), 185-216.

Brougham, D., & Haar, J. (2018). Smart technology, artificial intelligence, robotics, and algorithms (STARA): employees’ perceptions of our future workplace. Journal of Management & Organization, 24(2), 239-257.

Bunderson, J. S., & Thompson, J. A. (2009). The call of the wild: Zookeepers, callings, and the double-edged sword of deeply meaningful work. Administrative Science Quarterly, 54(1), 32-57.

Cartwright, S., & Holmes, N. (2006). The meaning of work: The challenge of regaining employee engagement and reducing cynicism. Human Resource Management Review, 16(2), 199-208.

Caruso, E. M., Gilbert, D. T., & Wilson, T. D. (2008). A wrinkle in time: Asymmetric valuation of past and future events. Psychological Science, 19(8), 796-801.

Cassar, V., & Briner, R. B. (2011). The relationship between psychological contract breach and organizational commitment: Exchange imbalance as a moderator of the mediating role of violation. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 78(2), 283-289.

Chamberlain, R., Mullin, C., Scheerlinck, B., & Wagemans, J. (2018). Putting the art in artificial: Aesthetic responses to computer-generated art. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 12(2), 177–192.

Credé, M., Harms, P., Niehorster, S., & Gaye-Valentine, A. (2012). An evaluation of the consequences of using short measures of the Big Five personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(4), 874-888.

Cuddy, A. J., Glick, P., & Beninger, A. (2011). The dynamics of warmth and competence judgments, and their outcomes in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 31, 73-98.

De Hoogh, A. H., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2009). Neuroticism and locus of control as moderators of the relationships of charismatic and autocratic leadership with burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(4), 1058-1067.

De Witte, H. (2005). Job insecurity: Review of the international literature on definitions, prevalence, antecedents and consequences. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 31(4), 1-6.

Debus, M. E., König, C. J., & Kleinmann, M. (2014). The building blocks of job insecurity: The impact of environmental and person‐related variables on job insecurity perceptions. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 87(2), 329-351.

Demerouti, E., Mostert, K., & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Burnout and work engagement: a thorough investigation of the independency of both constructs. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 15(3), 209-222.

Dietvorst, B. J., Simmons, J. P., & Massey, C. (2015). Algorithm aversion: People erroneously avoid algorithms after seeing them err. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(1), 114-126.

Dobrow, S. R. (2013). Dynamics of calling: A longitudinal study of musicians. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34(4), 431-452.

Donnellan, M. B., Oswald, F. L., Baird, B. M., & Lucas, R. E. (2006). The Mini-IPIP Scales: Tiny-yet-effective measures of the Big Five Factors of Personality. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 192–203.

Fast, E., & Horvitz, E. (2017, February). Long-term trends in the public perception of artificial intelligence. In Thirty-First AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved from

Fiske, S. T., Cuddy, A. J. C., Glick, P., & Xu, J. (2002). A model of (often mixed) stereotype content: Competence and warmth respectively follow from perceived status and competition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(6), 878-902.

Fiske, S. T., Xu, J., Cuddy, A. C., & Glick, P. (1999). (Dis) respecting versus (dis) liking: Status and interdependence predict ambivalent stereotypes of competence and warmth. Journal of Social Issues, 55(3), 473-489.

Gelfand, L. A., Mensinger, J. L., & Tenhave, T. (2009). Mediation analysis: A retrospective snapshot of practice and more recent directions. The Journal of General Psychology, 136(2), 153-178.

Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., & Swann Jr, W. B. (2003). A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37(6), 504-528.

Grant, A. M. (2008). The significance of task significance: Job performance effects, relational mechanisms, and boundary conditions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(1), 108–124.

Gwak, Y., Jung, Y., & Sohn, Y. (2017). Who suffers the most from abusive supervision? Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 30(3), 443–464.

Hayes, A. F. (2009). Beyond Baron and Kenny: Statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium. Communication Monographs, 76(4), 408-420.

Hallsten, L., Voss, M., Stark, S., & Josephson, M. (2011). Job burnout and job wornout as risk factors for long-term sickness absence. Work, 38(2), 181-192.

Hobfoll, S. E. (2001). The influence of culture, community, and the nested‐self in the stress process: advancing conservation of resources theory. Applied Psychology, 50(3), 337-421.

Hovland, C. I., Janis, I. L., & Kelley, H. H. (1953). Communication and Persuasion. Yale University Press.

Huang, G.-h., Wellman, N., Ashford, S. J., Lee, C., & Wang, L. (2017). Deviance and exit: The organizational costs of job insecurity and moral disengagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(1), 26–42.

Jiang, L., & Probst, T. M. (2017). The rich get richer and the poor get poorer: Country- and state-level income inequality moderates the job insecurity-burnout relationship. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(4), 672–681.

Johnson, J. L., & O'Leary-Kelly, A. M. (2003). The effects of psychological contract breach and organizational cynicism: Not all social exchange violations are created equal. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(5), 627-647.

Ju, K., Lee, M, Yang, H, & Ryu, D. (2017). The 4th Industrial Revolution and Artificial Intelligence: An Introductory Review. Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society, 42(4), 1-14.

Keller, A. C., Spurk, D., Baumeler, F., & Hirschi, A. (2016). Competitive climate and workaholism: Negative sides of future orientation and calling. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 122-126.

Kim, A., Cho, M., Ahn, J., & Sung, Y. (2019). Effects of gender and relationship type on the response to Artificial Intelligence. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22(4), 249-253.

Kim, J. Kim, B. & Ha, M (2011). Validation of A Korean version of the Big Five Inventory. Journal of Human Understanding and Counseling. 32(1), 47-65.

Kim, H., & Yoo, T. (2013). The effect of job overload on job burnout. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 26(2), 317–340.

Fossen, F. M., & Sorgner, A. (2019). New Digital Technologies and Heterogeneous Employment and Wage Dynamics in the United States: Evidence from Individual-Level Data. Retrieved from

Kinnunen, U., Feldt, T., & Mauno, S. (2003). Job insecurity and self-esteem: evidence from cross-lagged relations in a 1-year longitudinal sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(3), 617-632.

Lee, C., Huang, G. H., & Ashford, S. J. (2018). Job insecurity and the changing workplace: Recent developments and the future trends in job insecurity research. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 5, 335-359.

Li, B. H., Hou, B. C., Yu, W. T., Lu, X. B., & Yang, C. W. (2017). Applications of artificial intelligence in intelligent manufacturing: A review. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 18(1), 86-96.

Logg, J. M., Minson, J. A., & Moore, D. A. (2019). Algorithm appreciation: People prefer algorithmic to human judgment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 151, 90-103.

Lysova, E. I., Allan, B. A., Dik, B. J., Duffy, R. D., & Steger, M. F. (2019). Fostering meaningful work in organizations: A multi-level review and integration. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 110, 374-389.

MacKinnon, D. P., Krull, J. L., & Lockwood, C. M. (2000). Equivalence of the mediation, confounding and suppression effect. Prevention Science, 1(4), 173-181.

Mauno, S., & Kinnunen, U. (2002). Perceived job insecurity among dual-earner couples: Do its antecedents vary according to gender, economic sector and the measure used? Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75(3), 295–314.

Min, J., Kim, S, Park, Y & Sohn, W (2018). A comparative study of potential job candidates’ perceptions of an AI recruiter and a human recruiter. Journal of the Korean Convergence Society, 9(5), 191-202.

Nam, T. (2019). Technology usage, expected job sustainability, and perceived job insecurity. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 138, 155-165.

Nass, C., Steuer, J., & Tauber, E. R. (1994, April). Computers are social actors. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems (pp. 72-78). ACM.

Ng, A. (2016). Why AI is the new electricity. Nikkei Asian Review Online, 27. Retrieved from

Oelberger, C. R. (2019). The dark side of deeply meaningful work: Work‐relationship turmoil and the moderating role of occupational value homophily. Journal of Management Studies, 56(3), 558-588.

Oh, H. (2018). The fourth industrial revolution and job crisis in the Korean economy. The Korean Economic Forum. 11(2), 93-115.

Oh, C., Song, J., Choi, J., Kim, S., Lee, S., & Suh, B. (2018, April). I lead, you help but only with enough details: Understanding user experience of co-creation with artificial intelligence. In Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (p. 649). ACM. Retrieved from

Park, G., Kim, M., & Han, Y. (2014). Exploration of predictive variables of emotional Labor in subordinate roles and verification of the relations model between emotional labor and burnout. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 27(1), 267-290.

Park, J., & Sohn, Y. (2018). Effects of subjective social status on meaning of work. Korean Journal of the Science of Emotion & Sensibility, 21(2), 43-60.

Peters, M. A. (2017). Deep Learning, the final stage of automation and the end of work (Again)? Psychosociological Issues in Human Resource Management, 5(2), 154-168.

Preacher, K. J., Rucker, D. D., & Hayes, A. F. (2007). Addressing moderated mediation hypotheses: theory, methods, and prescriptions. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 42(1), 185-227.

Prewett, M. S., Johnson, R. C., Saboe, K. N., Elliott, L. R., & Coovert, M. D. (2010). Managing workload in human–robot interaction: A review of empirical studies. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(5), 840-856.

Roh, M. J., & Choy, M. K. (2018). The effect of individual innovation on the acceptance of artificial intelligence speakers. Management Research, 33(1), 195-230.

Rosso, B. D., Dekas, K. H., & Wrzesniewski, A. (2010). On the meaning of work: A theoretical integration and review. Research in Organizational Behavior, 30, 91-127.

Rousseau, D. M. (2001). Schema, promise and mutuality: The building blocks of the psychological contract. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 74(4), 511-541.

Schaufeli, W B., Leiter, M. P, Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1996). Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). In C. Maslach, S. E. Jackson, & M. P. Leiter (Eds.), MBI Manual (3rd ed.). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Shank, D. B., Graves, C., Gott, A., Gamez, P., & Rodriguez, S. (2019). Feeling our way to machine minds: People's emotions when perceiving mind in artificial intelligence. Computers in Human Behavior, 98, 256-266.

Shin, K (2003). The Maslach Bunout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS): An application in South Korea. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 16(3), 1-17

Shin, S, Ha, M, & Lee, J. (2017). High school students’ perception of Artificial Intelligence: Focusing on conceptual understanding, emotion and risk perception. Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction, 17(21), 289-312.

Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7(4), 422-445.

Steger, M. F., Dik, B. J., & Duffy, R. D. (2012). Measuring meaningful work: The work and meaning inventory (WAMI). Journal of Career Assessment, 20(3), 322-337.

Son, J & Lee, S. (2012). The effect of perfectionism on job burnout and professional efficacy: A mediation effect of goal orientations. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 25(1), 85-104.

Totterdell, P., Wall, T., Holman, D., Diamond, H., & Epitropaki, O. (2004). Affect networks: a structural analysis of the relationship between work ties and job-related affect. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(5), 854-867.

Triandis, H. C., & Gelfand, M. J. (1998). Converging measurement of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(1), 118-128.

Vander Elst, T., Van den Broeck, A., De Cuyper, N., & De Witte, H. (2014). On the reciprocal relationship between job insecurity and employee well-being: Mediation by perceived control? Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 87(4), 671–693.

Yoo, T., Lee, H., Ko, Y., Choe, H., Kim, M., Myung, M., … Lee, E. (2019). The content analysis of the Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology from 1988 to 2018 and future suggestions. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 32(3), 297–362.

Zhang, C., Hirschi, A., Herrmann, A., Wei, J., & Zhang, J. (2015). Self-directed career attitude as predictor of career and life satisfaction in Chinese employees: Calling as mediator and job insecurity as moderator. Career Development International, 20(7), 703-716.

Złotowski, J., Yogeeswaran, K., & Bartneck, C. (2017). Can we control it? Autonomous robots threaten human identity, uniqueness, safety, and resources. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 100, 48-54.