Changes in traffic accident risk degree according to driving workload rate and moderate effect of ego-resilience

Main Article Content

HunHwa Song
SoonChul Lee

Abstract

This research was conducted to verify changes in traffic accident risk level according to driving workload rate and the moderate effect of ego-resilience. Several hypotheses were made by considering previous studies, in which the traffic accident risk level measured according to Traffic Accident Risk Index (TARI) and Driving Behavior Determinants (DBD) differed from the driving workload rate. Furthermore, Ego-resilience was also considered as a human factor, which has the moderate effect between workload and TARI, DBD. A total of 260 drivers participated in the survey. The result of the factor analysis revealed that the DBD questionnaire could be divided into five factors (i.e., Impatient Driving, Situational Inadaptability, Distracted Driving, Drunken Driving, and Speed Driving). In order to verify changes in those behaviors according to driving workload rate, variation analysis was conducted. The results revealed that Impatient Driving, Situational Inadaptability, and Distracted Driving had significant relationships with driving workload rate. Moreover, the moderate effect of Ego-resilience related to Situational Inadaptability was verified by hierarchical regression analysis. We expect that the result of this study could be used to develop countermeasures to excessive driving workload.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
 

Article Details

Section
Empirical Articles
Author Biographies

HunHwa Song, Chungbuk University

Department of Psychology

SoonChul Lee, Chungbuk University

Department of Psychology

References

강동묵, 손병민, 고상백, 손미아, 김정원, 장준호, 조병만, 이수일 (2004). 육체적 작업부하가 타액 코르티솔농도에 미치는 영향. 대한산업의학회지, 16, 57-69.
고은정 (1997). 애착유형에 따른 자아탄력성과 사회적 지지가 우울에 미치는 영향. 고려대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
도로교통안전관리공단 (2008). 2007년판 교통사고 통계분석.
박현진 (1996). 자아탄력성에 따른 지각된 스트레스, 대처 및 우울. 고려대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
성우일, 이재식 (2009). 시간압력 스트레스와 유도된 분노가 운전 수행에 미치는 영향: 운전 시뮬레이션 연구. 한국심리학회지: 사회문제, 15, 547-563.
오영진, 김제숭 (2005). 제한된 반응시간에서 과도한 정신부하작업의 수행도에 관한 연구. 한국산업정보학회, 10(2), 21-26.
이순열, 이순철 (2008). 운전 스트레스 척도(Driving Stress Scale: DSS)의 개발과 타당화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 사회문제, 14, 21-40.
이순열, 이순철 (2010). 교통사고위험지수(TARI)에 대한 확인적 요인분석과 타당화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 23, 75-87.
이순철, 오주석 (2007). 운전행동결정요인이 위험운전, 주의행동 및 피로대처에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 20, 395-414.
이순철, 오주석, 송훈화, 윤대섭, 황윤숙 (2010). 운전자 성격 및 태도가 주관적 운전부하에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 23, 445-469.
이순철, 황윤숙, 오주석 (2008). 작업부하가 화물차운전자의 피로에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 21, 367-381.
이재식 (1996). 운전자의 속도통제와 정보처리에서의 인간요인: 운전자의 눈높이와 인지부하의 효과. 한국심리학회지: 실험 및 인지, 8, 345-366.
Blaco, M., Biever, W. J., Gallagher, J. P., & Dingus, T. A. (2006). The impact of secondary task cognitive processing demand on driving performance. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 38, 895-906.
Block, J., & Kremen, A. M. (1996). IQ and ego-resiliency: Conceptual and empirical connections and separateness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 349-361.
Cantin, V., Lavallière, M., Simoneau, M., & Teasdale, N. (2009). Mental workload when driving in a simulator: effects of age and driving complexity. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 41, 736-771.
Caplan, R. D., & Jones, K. W. (1975). Effects of work load, role ambiguity, and Type A personality on anxiety, depression, and heart rate. Journal of Applied Psychology. 60, 713-719.
Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale(CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18, 76-82.
Edland, A., & Svenson, O. (1993). Judgment and decision making under time pressure: Studies and findings. Time pressure and stress in human judgment and decision making(27-40). New York: Plenum Press.
González-Muñoz, E. L., & Gutiérrez-Martínez, R. E. (2007). Contribution of mental workload to job stress in industrial workers. A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, 28, 355-361.
Green, R. G. (1985). Stress and accident. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 56, 638-641.
Greenglass, E. R., Burke, R. J., & Moore, K. A. (2003). Reactions to Increased Workload: Effects on Professional Efficacy of Nurses. International Association for Applied Psychology, 52, 580-597.
Jahn, G., Oehme, A., Krems, J. F., & Gelau, C. (2005). Peripheral detection as a workload measure in driving: Effects of traffic complexity and route guidance system use in a driving study. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 8, 255-275.
Rakauskas, M. E., Ward, N. J., Bernat, E. M., Cadwallader, M., Patrick, C. J., & de Waard, D. (2005). Psychophysiological measures of driver distraction and workload while intoxicated. 3rd International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, June 27-30. Rockport, Maine.
Rantanen, E. M., & Goldberg, J. H. (1999). The effect of mental workload on the visual field size and shape. Ergonomics. 42, 816-834.
Recarte, M. A., & Nunes, L. M. (2003). Mental workload while driving: Effects on visual search, discrimination, and decision making. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. 9, 119-137.
Rose, C. L., Murphy L. B., Byard, L., & Nikzad, K. (2002). The role of the Big Five personality factors in vigilance performance and workload. European Journal of Personality, 16, 185-200.
Slick, R. F., Cady, E. T., & Tran, T. Q. (2005). Workload Changes in Teenaged Drivers Driving with Distractions. 3rd International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 158-164, June 27-30. Rockport, Maine.
Wickens, C. D., Gordon, S. E., & Liu, Y. (2001). 인간공학[Introduction to Human Factors Engineering] (이재식 역). 서울: 시그마프레스. (원전은 1998에 출판).