Impacts of secure attachment, 5 factor personality, future time perspective on productive ageing

Main Article Content

JuIl Rie

Abstract

It is hope and need of society that most of people will keep their life productive after becoming elderly. In this study, we want to find demographic-sociological and psychological determinants for productive ageing. In our study, productive ageing were constructed as 4 factors, goal pursuit activities, career development activities, family support activities, and society volunteering activities. We collected data from 471 elderly beyond 65. Sex, age, spouse existence, income by month, education, work or non-work, working time were correlated significantly with productive ageing. And openness to experience and conscientious personality, secure attachment, and future time perspective were correlated significantly with productive ageing. Especially, big five personality and future time perspective impacted significantly on productive ageing after controling demographic-sociological factors through hierarchical regression analysis. Openness to experience and future time perspective were important consistently for all productive ageing activities. When we analyzed causal relationship among openness to experience, secure attachment, future time perspective and productive ageing through AMOS, future time perspective mediated relationship between openness to experience and productive ageing, and relationship between secure attachment and productive ageing. Also, openness to experience, secure attachment, and time perspective all had a big impact on productive ageing directly.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
 

Article Details

Section
Empirical Articles

Funding data

References

김민희 (2008). 한국인의 지혜 개념 탐색과 중 노년기 삶에서 지혜의 의미. 서울대학교 박사학위 청구논문.
김영범, 박준식 (2006). 한국 노인의 가족 관계망과 삶의 만족. 한국노인의 삶의 질(한림대학교 고령사회연구소, pp.39-59). 춘천: 한림대학교 출판부.
김원배 (2009). 한국노인의 생활만족도 결정요인에 관한 연구: 활동이론과 자원이론을 중심으로. 사회복지정책, 36(3). 449-470.
김진욱, 손지윤 (2009). 노인일자리사업 참여만족도와 참여지속의사에 관한 연구: 공공분야 노인일자리 사업 참여자를 중심으로. 한국노년학, 29(4), 1295-1311.
권중돈, 조주연 (2000). 노년기 삶의 만족도에 영향을 미치는 요인. 한국노년학, 20(3), 61-76.
매일경제 (2013.1.28). “남 취업 60대 이상 > 20대.. 고령, 장년층 생계취업 급증, 여성취업자도 50대>30대.. 청년층 스펙쌓기 집중”.
박기남 (2006). 성별, 지역별 특성에 따른 노인의 삶의 만족도 연구. 한국노인의 삶의 질(한림대학교 고령사회연구소, pp.61-81). 춘천: 한림대학교 출판부.
성혜영, 조희선 (2005). Rowe와 Kahn 의 구성요소를 활용한 성공적 노화 모델. 한국노년학, 26(1), 105-123.
신현숙, 곽유미, 김선미 (2012). 청소년이 지각한 통제적 양육행동과 공격성의 관계: 우울과 역기능적 충동성의 중다매개효과. 한국심리학회지: 학교, 9(2), 347-366.
안효철 (2005). 사회적 일자리 창출 사업에 참여하는 노인들의 삶의 질에 관한 연구. 서강대학교 신학대학원 석사학위논문.
유태용, 한태영, 안상수, 신강현, 한영석, 탁진국, 노혜미 (2006). 성격이 실직자들의 행동, 생애만족 및 정신건강에 미치는 영향. 한국심리학회지: 건강, 11(1), 107-124.
이주일 (2004). 노인의 대인 애착경향과 심리적 안녕감, 사회적 활동 및 지지적 관계의 추구. 한국심리학회지: 사회 및 성격, 18(2), 11-29.
이주일, 강연욱, 김지현, 유 경 (2011). 생산적 노화에 대한 세대간 인식차 및 생산적 노화 척도의 타당성 분석. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 24(1), 1-27.
이주일, 강연욱, 박군석, 유 경 (2009). 욕구충족 및 통제감 지각이 생애후기 성인의 대인애착 성향에 미치는 영향과 애착 선행변인. 한국심리학회지: 사회 및 성격. 23(2), 81-101.
이헌기 (2009). 생산적 노화활동으로서 노인자원봉사활동: 인적자본 효과를 중심으로. 노인복지연구, 45, 317-346.
임은기, 정태연 (2009). 한국노인의 행복요인 탐색과 척도개발. 한국노년학, 29(3), 1141 -1158.
Barnes-Farrell, J. L., & Matthews, R. A. (2007). Age and work attitudes, In K. S. Schultz & G. A. Adams(eds), Ageing and work in the 21st century(pp.139-162). New Jersey, U.S.A: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (2005). Yes, personality matters: Moving on to more important matters. Human Performance, 18, 359-372.
Barrick, M. R., Mitchell, T. R. & Stewart, G. L. (2003). Situational and motivational influences on trait-behavior relationships. In M. R. Barrick & A. M. Ryan (Eds.), Personality and work (pp.60-82). San Francisco, USA: Jossey-Bass.
Bennis, W. G., & Thomas, R. J. (2002). Geeks & Geezers (시대와 리더십, 신현승역 2003). 서울: 세종연구원.
Bilde, J. D., Vansteenkiste, M & Lens, W. (2012). Understanding the association between future time perspective and self-regulated learning through the lens of self-determination theory. Learning and Instruction, 21, 332-344.
Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss: Vol. III. Loss and depression. London: Horgarth press.
Bradley, J. M., & Cafferty, T. P. (2001). Attachment among older adults: Current issues and directions for future research. Attachment & Human Development, 3(2), 200-201.
Burr, J. A., Caro, F. G., & Moorhead, J. (2002). Productive aging and civic participation. Journal of Aging Studies, 16. 87-05.
Caro, F. G., Bass, S. A., & Chen, Y. P. (1993). Introduction: achieving a productive ageing society. In S. A. Bass, F. G. Caro, & Y. P. Chen (Eds.) Achieving a productive ageing society. Westport, CT: Auburn House.
Carstensen, L. L., Issacowitz, D. M., & Charles, S. T. (1999). Taking time seriously: A theory of socioemotional selectivity. American Psychologist, 54, 165-181.
Choi, L. H. (2003). Factors affecting volunteerism among older adults. The Journal of Applied Gerontology, 22(2), 179-196.
Chopik, W. J., Edelstein, R. S. & Fraley, R. C. (2013). From the cradle to the grave: age difference in attachment from early adulthood to old age. Journal of Personality, 81(2), 171 -183.
Cox, K. S., Witt, J., Olson, B., & McAdams, D. P. (2010). Generativity, the big five, and psychosocial adaptation in middle adults. Journal of Personality, 78(4), 1185-1208.
Feeney, B. C. & Thrush, R. L. (2010). Relationship influences on exploration in adulthood: The characteristics and function of a secure base. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(1), 57-76.
Goldberg, L. R. (1999). A broad-bandwidth, public-domain, personalty inventory measuring the lower-level facets of several five-factor models. In I. Mervielde, I. Deary, F. De Fruyt, & F. Ostendorf (Eds.), Personality Psychology in Europe (Vol. 7, pp.7-28). Tilberg, The netherlands: Tilburg University Press.
Greenberg, M. T., Siegel, J. M., & Leitch, C. J. (1983). The nature and importance of attachment relationships to parents and peers during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 12(5), 373-386.
Gregory, T., Nettlebeck, T., Wilson C. (2010). Openness to experience, intelligence, and successful ageing. Personality and Individual differences, 48, 895-899.
Hendricks, J., & Cutler, S. J. (2004). Volunteerism and socioemotional selectivity in later life. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 59B, S251-S257.
Hogan, M. J., Staff, R. T., Bunting, B. P., Deary I. J. & Whalley, L. J. (2012). Openness to Experience and Activity Engagement Facilitate the Maintenance of Verbal Ability in Older Adults. Psychology and Aging. 27(4), 849-854.
Hu, L.-T., & Bentler, P. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1-55.
Johnson, J. W. (2003). Toward a better understanding of the relationship between personality and individual job performance. In M. R. Barrick & A. M. Ryan (Eds.), Personality and work (pp.83-120). San Francisco, USA: Jossey-Bass.
Kim, J., Kang, J. H., Lee, M. A. & Lee, Y. (2007). Volunteering among older people in Korea, Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 62B(1), 69-73.
La Guardia, J. G., Ryan, R. M., Couchman, C. E. & Deci, E. L. (2000). Within-person variation security of attachment: A self-determinism theory perspective on attachment, need fulfillment, and well-being. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 79(3), 367-384.
Lang, F. R., & Carstensen, L. L. (1994). Close emotional relationships in late life: Further support for proactive aging in the social domain. Psychology and Aging, 9, 315-324.
MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C. M., & Williams, J. (2004). Confidence limits for the indirect effect: Distribution of the product and resampling methods. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 39, 99-128.
Maslow, A. H. (1998). Toward a psychology of being, 3rd. MA, USA: John Wiley & Sons.
Moody, H. R. (2001). Productive ageing and ideology of old age. In Productive Ageing. In N. Morrow-Howell, J. Hinterlong, & M Sherraden(Eds), Productive ageing: concepts and challenges. Baltimore & London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Morrow-Howell, N., Hong, S. I. & Tang, F. (2009). Who Benefits From Volunteering? Variations in Perceived Benefits. The Gerontologist, 49(1), 91-102.
Okun, M. A. & Michel, M. A. (2006). Sense of community and being a volunteer among the young-old. The Journal of Applied Gerontology, 25(2), 173-188.
Rowe, J., & Kahn, R. (1998). Successful aging. New York: Dell Publishing a division of Random House.
Soubelet, A. & Salthouse, T. A. (2010). The role of activity engagement in the relations between openness/intellect and cognition. Personality and Individual differences, 49, 896 -961.
Stahl, S. T., & Patrick, J. H. (2011). Adults’ future time perspective predicts engagement in physical activity. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(4), 413-416.
Trafford, A (2004). My Time: Making the Most of the Rest of Your Life (나이 듦의 기쁨, 오혜경 역, 2004), 서울: 마고북스.
Walker, T. L., & Tracey, T. J. G. (2012). The role of future time perspective in career decision-making. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81, 150-158.
Wilson, J. (2000). Volunteering, Annual Review, 26, 215-240.