The effect of Openness, Extroversion, and Core Self-Evaluation on commitment to change and adaptive performance

Main Article Content

TaeYong Yoo
HyangSin Son

Abstract

The first purpose of this study was to examine the influences of openness, extroversion, and core self- evaluation on individuals' commitment to change and adaptive performance. And the second purpose was to examine moderating effect of change leadership on the relationship between openness, extroversion, and core self-evaluation and commitment to change. Data were collected from 200 employees of 32 different organizations that had been undergone organizational change recently. Respondents rated their openness, extroversion, core self-evaluation, and commitment to change. To reduce the effect from common method bias, the adaptive performance was rated by their peers or supervisors. The result showed that openness, extroversion, and core self-evaluation had positive relationships with commitment to change and adaptive performance, and commitment to change had mediating effect on the relationship between predictors (openness, extroversion, and core self-evaluation) and other-rating adaptive performance. There were significant moderation effects of the change leadership on the relationships between openness, extroversion, and core self-evaluation and commitment to change because the relationship was more positive when leader's change leadership was low. The implications for research and practice, limitations, and future directions were discussed.

Article Details

How to Cite
YooT., & SonH. (2011). The effect of Openness, Extroversion, and Core Self-Evaluation on commitment to change and adaptive performance. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 24(2), 281-306. Retrieved from https://journal.ksiop.or.kr/index.php/KJIOP/article/view/344
Section
Empirical Articles

References

김솔이, 유태용 (2010). 핵심자기평가와 지속학습활동 간의 관계: 목표지향성의 매개효과와 상사지원의 조절효과. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 23, 131-154.

김천석, 유태용 (2005). 정서지능, 인지능력, 성격의 구성개념 간 변별성과 정서지능이 과업수행, 맥락수행, 적응수행에 대한 증분타당도 검증. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 18, 271-298.

김태홍, 한태영 (2009). 적응성과 및 지속적 학습활동에 대한 학습목표성향, 실책관리풍토 및 변화지향적 팀 리더십의 영향. 인사조직연구, 17, 117-159.

박근수, 유태용 (2007). 일몰입의 선행변인 및 결과변인에 관한 연구. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 20, 221-253.

박혜진, 유태용 (2009), 상사의 리더십, 조직의 변화 준비성이 변화몰입에 미치는 영향과 적응수행, 조직변화지지 행동에 대한 조직변화몰입의 효과. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 22, 131-153.

양병철 (2003). 조직변화 이렇게 해야 성공한다. LG주간경제.

양윤희 (2007). 변화에 대한 몰입과 변화지지행동의 영향요인에 관한 연구: 계획 행동이론을 중심으로. 서울대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

양필석 (2008). 핵심자기평가가 조직유효성에 미치는 영향: 셀프리더십과 심리적 임파워먼트의 매개효과를 중심으로. 울산대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.

유태용 (2007). 성격의 6요인(HEXACO) 모델에 의한 성격특성과 조직구성원 직무수행 간의 관계. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 20, 283-314.

유태용, 민병모 (2001). 다양한 장면에서 수행을 예측하기 위한 5요인 성격모델의 사용가능성과 한계: 국내 연구결과의 통합분석. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 14, 115-134.

유태용, 이기범, Ashton, M. C. (2003). 새로운 6요인 성격구조 이론: 산업 및 조직심리학적 시사점. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 16, 89-105.

유태용, 이기범, Ashton, M. C. (2004). 한국판 HEXACO 성격검사의 구성 타당화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 사회 및 성격, 18, 61-75.

이동하, 탁진국 (2008). 주도성과 핵심자기평가가 경력성공에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 경력계획을 매개변인으로. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 21, 83-103.

조경순 (2006). 조직구성원의 이직의도에 대한 변화몰입의 효과: 국내 금융기관의 인수합병 상황에 대한 분석. 인적자원관리연구, 13, 167-182.

최재무, 한태영 (2008). 경력성공에 대한 개방성과 학습역량. 2008년도 한국심리학회 연차학술발표대회 논문집, 274-275.

한태영 (2005). 적응수행에 대한 개인 및 팀 수준의 영향: 다수준 접근법의 적용. 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직, 18, 51-77.

Baron, R. M. & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.

Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (1991). The big five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology, 44, 1-26.

Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (1993). Autonomy as a moderator of the relationships between the big five personality dimensions and job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 111-118.

Barrick, M. R., Mount, M. R., & Stauss, J. P. (1993). Conscientiousness and performance of sales representatives; Test of the mediating effects of goal setting. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 715-722.

Bennis, W. (2000). Leadership of change. In M. Beer & N. Nohria(Eds.). Breaking the code of change. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Best, R. G., Stapleton, L. M., & Downey, R. G. (2005). Core self-evaluations and Job burnout: The test of alternative models. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10, 441–451.

Bono, J. E., & Judge T. A. (2003). Self- Concordance at work: Toward understanding the motivational effects of transformational leaders. Academy of Management Journal, 46, 554-571.

Coetsee, L. (1999). From resistance to commitment. Public Administration Quarterly, 23, 204-222.

Conner, D. R. (1992). Managing at the speed of change: how resilient managers succeed and prosper where others fail. New York: Villard Books.

Conner, D. R., & Patterson, R. W. (1982). Building commitment to organizational change. Training and Development Journal, 36, 18-30.

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1985). The NEO personality inventory. Odessa, EL: Psychological Assessment Resources,.

Cunnigham, G. B. (2006). The relationships among commitment to change, coping with change, and turnover intentions. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15, 29-45.

Edwards, J. E., & Morrison, R. F. (1994). Selecting and classifying future naval officers: The paradox of greater specialization in broader areas. In M. G. Rumsey, C. B. Walker, & J. H. Harris(Eds.), Personnel selection and classification(pp.69-84). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Ekvall, G., & Arvonen, J. (1991). Change-centered leadership: Am extension of the two- dimensional model. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 7, 17-26.

Erez, A.., & Judge, T. A. (2001). Relationship of core self-evaluations to goal setting, motivation, and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 1270-1279.

Fedor, D. B., Caldwell, S., & Herold, D. M. (2006). The effects of organizational changes on employee commitment: a multi-level investigantion. Personnel Psychology, 59, 1-29.

Ford, J. K., Weissbein, D. A., & Plamondon, K. E. (2003). Distinguishing organizational from strategy commitment: linking officers’ commitment to community policing to job behaviors and satisfaction. Justice Quarterly, 20, 159-185.

Gil, F., Rico, R., Alcover, C. M., & Barrasa, A. (2005). Change-oriented leadership, satisfaction and performance in work groups: Effects of team climate and group potency. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 20, 312-328.

Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the big-five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4, 26-42.

Herold, D. M., Fedor, D. B., Caldwell, S. D, & Liu. Y. (2008). The effects of transformaitonal and change leadership on employees' commitment to a change: A multilevel study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 346-357.

Herold, D. M., Fedor, D. B., & Caldwell, S. D. (2007). Beyond change management: A multilevel investigation of contextual and personal influences on employees' commitment to change, Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 942-951.

Herscovitch, L., & Meyer, J. P. (2002). Commitment to organizational change: extension of a three-component model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 474-487.

Judge, T. A., Erez, A., Bono, J. E., & Thoresen, C. J. (2003). The core self-evaluations scale: Development of a measure. Personnel Psychology, 56, 303-331.

Judge, T. A., & Larsen, R. J. (2001). Dispositional affect and job satisfaction: A review and theoretical extension. Organizational Behavior Human Decision Processes, 86, 67–98.

Judge, T. A., Locke, E. A., & Durham, C. C. (1997). The dispositional causes of job satisfaction: A core evaluations approach. Research in Organizational Behavior, 19, 151-188.

Judge, T. A., Locke, E. A., Durham, C. C., & Kluger, A. N. (1998). Dispositional effects on job and life satisfaction: The role of core evaluation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 17-34.

Judge, T, A., Thoresen, C. J., Pucik, V., & Welbourne, M.(1999). Managerial coping with organizational change. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 107-122.

Klein, K. J., & Sorra, J. S. (1996). The challenge of innovation implementation. Academy of Management Review, 2, 1055-1080.

Kotter, J. P. (1996). Leading change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

LePine, J. A., Colquitt, J. A., & Erez, A. (2000). Adaptability to changing task contexts: Effects of general cognitive ability, conscientiousness, and openness to experience. Personnel Psychology, 53, 563-593.

Lines, R. (2004). Influence of participation in strategic change: Resistance. organizational commitment and change goal achievement. Journal of Change Management, 4, 193-215.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (1986). Personality, coping, and coping effectiveness in an adult sample. Journal of Personality, 54, 385-405.

Mischel, W. (1968). Personality and assessment. New York: Wiley.

Parish, J. T., Cadwallader, S., & Busch, P. (2007). Want to, need to, ought to: Employee commitment to organizational change. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 21, 32-52.

Phillips, J., Hollenbeck, J. R., & Ilgen, D. R. (1996). The prevalence and prediction of positive discrepancy creation: Examining a discrepancy between two self regulation theories. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 498-511.

Piccolo, R. F., Judge, T. A., Takahashi, K., Watanabe, N., & Locke, E. A. (2005). Core self-evaluations in Japan: Relative effects on job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and happiness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 965-984.

Pulakos, E. D., Arad, S., Donovan, M. A., & Plamondon, K. E. (2000). Adaptability in the workplace: development of a taxonomy of adaptive performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 612-624.

Pulakos, E. D., Schimitt, N., Dorsey, D. W., Arad, S., Hedge, J. W., & Borman, W. C. (2002). Predicting adaptive performance: Further tests of a model of adaptability. Human Performance, 15, 299-323.

Shamir, B. (1999). Leadership in boundaryless organizations: Disposable or indispensable. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 8, 49-71.

Smith, E. M., Ford, J. K., & Kozlowski, S. W. (1997). Building adaptive expertise: Implications for training design strategies. In M. A. Quifiones & A. Ehrenstein(Eds.), Training for a rapidly changing workplace(pp. 89-118). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Tannenbaum, S. I., Beard R. L., & Salas, E. (1992). Team building and its influence on team effectiveness: An examination of conceptual and empirical developments. Advances in Psychology, 82, 117-153.

Taylor, C. W. (2004). The relationship between core self-evaluations and satisfaction: Finding the mediating variables. Doctoral Dissertation, The University of Alabama.

Yukl, G. (1999). An evaluation of conceptual weaknesses in transformational and charismatic leadership theories. Leadership Quarterly, 10, 285-305.

Yukl, G. (2004). Tridimensional leadership theory: A road-map for flexible, adaptive leaders. In R. J. Burke & C. Cooper(Eds.), Leading in turbulent times(pp.75-91). Oxford: Blackwell.

Yukl, G. (2006). Leadership in organizations (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Yukl, G., Gordon, A., & Taber, T. (2002). A hierarchical taxonomy of leadership behavior: Integrating a half century of behavior research. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 9, 15-32.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>